Airfield lighting system is an important aiding system of civil aviation airport that guarantees the taking off, landing, taxiing of airplanes at night, with low visibility, or under other complicated weather conditions. In-pavement LED runway edge lights, with the highest degree of light intensity, are the most important lights for safe civil aviation and are most difficult to design within airfield lighting system. With LED as the source of light and the secondary optical design as the core, in light of basic laws of Fresnel loss and total reflection and the principles of edge-ray etendue conservation and the conservation of energy to design major optical elements as lens, prism of the lamp, the in-pavement LED runway edge lights design successfully solves the designing problem of high-power, high-intensity LED airfield lights with narrow beam angle at closed environment. This success is of great significance for the improvement of LED airfield lighting system in China.
Along with the continuous renewal of the light source, LED light source could have been used in the lights of airfield already. LED light source in the application will be more energy efficient. This paper designs the optical structure of the taxiway centerline light,which is used on the bend. Osram LT CPDP - KZ - 4 green LED has been chosen to be the light source.Optical components used in the structure, such as the prism, the lens, the scattering pieces, is designed on the basis of the optical design principles. The optical design principle include the edge-ray etendue conservation, conservation of energy and so on. Then, the structure is drawn and simulated. Completing these steps combines with software, such as ProE, Matlab and TracePro. To test the optical structure with Yuanfang GO-2000 distribution photometer. The test results meet the standards of the civil aviation administration’s requirements. In order to further reduce energy consumption, and optimize the components on the premise of meeting the requirements of national standards. The paper reduces the input current from 900mA to 400mA by optimizing the components. The method of optimizing is combining the prism with scattering pieces and optimizing the lens surface. The optical structure of the taxiway centerline lights used on the bend after improving is more efficient and meet the requirements of national standards including chromaticity and light intensity.