This paper reports the laser absorption measurements of atomic oxygen in the FD04 arc-heater at China Academy of Aerospace Aerodynamics (CAAA). An atomic oxygen absorption line at 777.19 nm is utilizied for detecting the population of electronically excited oxygen atom in an air plasma flow. A scanned-wavelength direct absorption mode is used in this study. The laser is scanned in wavelength across the absorption feature at a rate of 200 Hz. Under the assumption of thermal equilibrium, time-resolved temperature measurements are obtained on one line-of-sight in the arc-heater. The good agreement of the temperature inferred from the sonic throat method suggests the equilibrium assumption is valid. These results illustrate the feasibility of the diode laser sensors for flow parameters in high enthalpy arc-heated facilities.
Shock tube experiments are carried out to study the physical and chemical processes during a vehicle entry into the Mars atmosphere using optical emission spectroscopy (OES) and tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS). Gas temperature and CO concentration distribution are diagnosed behind a shock wave in a CO2-N2 mixture with two different conditions of initial pressure and velocity. The strong shock wave is established in a shock tube driven by combustion of hydrogen and oxygen. Time-resolved spectra of the Δv = 0 sequence of the B2Σ+→X2Σ+ electronic transition of CN have been observed through OES. A precise analysis of the CN violet spectra is performed and used to determine rotational and vibrational temperatures. Two absorption lines in the first overtone band of CO near 2.33 μm, are selected from a HITRAN simulation to calibrate laser wavelength and detect the CO concentration. Combined with these temperature results using OES, CO concentrations in the thermal equilibrium region are derived, which are 2.91 × 1012 cm-3 and 1.01 × 1013 cm-3, corresponding to equilibrium temperatures equal to 7000 ± 400 K and 6000 ± 300 K in low and high pressure conditions, respectively.
This paper describes the CO concentration and gas temperature distribution measurements behind a strong shock wave in the simulated Martian atmosphere by an optical diagnostic system. The strong shock wave (6.31 ± 0.11 km/s) is established in a shock tube driven by combustion of hydrogen and oxygen. The optical diagnostic system consists of two parts: the optical emission spectroscopy (OES) system and the tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) system. For OES system, high temporal and spatial resolution experimental spectra of CN violet system (B2Σ+→X2Σ+, v = 0 sequence) have been observed. Rotational and vibrational temperature distribution along the shock wave is inferred through a precise analysis of high-resolution experimental spectra. For TDLAS system, a CO absorption line near 2335.778 nm is utilized for detecting the CO concentration using scanned-wavelength direct absorption mode. Combined with these experimental results using OES, CO concentration in the thermal equilibrium region is derived. The detected average CO concentration is 7.46 × 1012 cm-3 with the average temperature of 7400 K ± 300 K, which corresponds to the center fractional absorption of 2.7%.