Smart lighting solutions based on imaging sensors such as webcams or time-of-flight sensors suffer from rising privacy concerns. In this work, we use low-cost non-imaging color sensors to measure local luminous flux of different colors in an indoor space. These sensors have much higher data acquisition rate and are much cheaper than many o_-the-shelf commercial products. We have developed several applications with these sensors, including illumination feedback control and occupancy-driven lighting.
Planarization, conformal coating and etch selectivity are three key areas for successful fabrication of submicron interconnections, BCl<SUB>3</SUB> and BCl<SUB>3</SUB>/N<SUB>2</SUB> RIE (Reactive Ion Etch) are usually used to define high aspect ratio and fine edge submicron Al lines. Polymers have potential for being used as the insulator for multilevel interconnections, because of their low dielectric constants. Due to viscosity, it is difficult to coat the space between submicron metal lines with spin on formulations for polymers. Parylene is a family of conformal vapor depositable polymers with many attractive attributes, such as low dielectric constant (2.38 - 2.65), no outgassing or moisture uptake, room temperature deposition, low stress, good gap filling and local planarization properties. However, with this 'new' polymer insulator, selectivity becomes important for proper etch stop. In this paper the RIE etch selectivities of Al and parylene have been investigated and the selectivity explored to pattern micron feature size interconnections. The Al was deposited on parylene and patterned for studying etch selectivity. The planarization capability of parylene was also studied. It is demonstrated that high aspect ratio sub-micron trenches could be successfully conformally coated with parylene. The metal-polymer adhesion and diffusion characteristics are also examined; and low mechanical stress for the dielectric are demonstrated.