We propose a high-birefringence twin-core hollow optical fiber, which is composed of two rectangular Ge-doped cores, annular silica cladding, and a large central air hole. The rectangular cores are weakly coupled with the air hole and arranged in the same silica cladding. The mode birefringence in single-mode operation of 1.55 μm reaches 2.48 × 10 − 4, which is comparable with traditional panda polarization maintaining fiber. By introducing an extra stress zone, the mode birefringence can be improved further by two times. The high birefringence of the twin-core hollow fiber is induced by strong asymmetry of the waveguide structure. The characteristics of the guiding mode, birefringence, and evanescent field are analyzed numerically by full-vector finite-element method. The effect of geometric and material parameters is discussed. The proposed scheme of twin-core hollow fiber can overcome the polarization fading effect and signal cross talk occurring in traditional multicore fibers and is much desirable for improving the performance of in-fiber integrated interferometers and biochemical sensors.
A novel twin-core fiber connector has been made by two side-polished fibers. By using side polishing technique, we present a connector based on the twin-core fiber (TCF) and two D-shaped single-core fibers. After simple alignment and splicing, all fiber miniaturizing connector can be obtained. Two cores can operate independently and are non-interfering. The coupling loss of this connector is low and the fabrication technologies are mature. The connector device could be used for sensors or particle trapping.
We report an in-fiber integrated chemiluminiscence sensor based on a kind of hollow optical fiber with a suspended
inner core. The path of mircofluid is realized by etching microholes for inlets and outlets on the surface of the optical
fiber without damaging the inner core and then constructing a melted point beside the microhole of the outlet. By
injecting samples into the fiber, the liquids can be fully mixed and form steady microflows. Simultaneously, the photon
emitted from the chemiluminiscence reaction is efficiently coupled into the core and can be detected at the end of the
This paper presents the detection and quantification of hogwash oil in soybean oils by means of absorption spectroscopy. Three types of soybean oils were adulterated with different concentrations of hogwash oil. The spectra were measured in the visible band using a white LED and a low-cost spectrometer. The measured spectra were processed by means of multivariate analysis to distinguish the adulteration and, for each soybean oil, to quantify the adulterant concentration. Then the visible spectra were sliced into two bands for modeling a simple setup made of two LEDs only. The successful results indicate potentials for implementing a smartphone-compatible device for self-assessment of soybean oil quality.