Reclamation caused a significant dynamic change in the coastal zone, the tidal flat zone is an unstable reserve land resource, it has important significance for its research. In order to realize the efficient extraction of the tidal flat area information, this paper takes Rudong County in Jiangsu Province as the research area, using the HJ1A/1B images as the data source, on the basis of previous research experience and literature review, the paper chooses the method of object-oriented classification as a semi-automatic extraction method to generate waterlines. Then waterlines are analyzed by DSAS software to obtain tide points, automatic extraction of outer boundary points are followed under the use of Python to determine the extent of tidal flats in 2014 of Rudong County, the extraction area was 55182hm2, the confusion matrix is used to verify the accuracy and the result shows that the kappa coefficient is 0.945. The method could improve deficiencies of previous studies and its available free nature on the Internet makes a generalization.
This paper extracted the spatial distribution of the continental coastline of Bohai Rim utilizing Remote Sensing and GIS spatial analysis techniques, and calculated the fractal dimension of the coastline by boxcounting method, with a time from 1990 to 2010. Moreover, we analyzed the characteristics of spatialtemporal variability of the coastline's length and fractal dimension, the relationship between the large scales length change and fractal dimension change. During the research period, the coastline length of the study area increased progressively and the most significant change in coastline length was found in Tianjin Municipality. Especially after 2000, the coastline length entered a period of rapid growth. In addition, the fractal dimension of the overall coastline of the study area was between the fractal dimensions of the regional coastlines and was close to the maximum fractal dimensions of these regional coastlines. The fractal dimension of the coastline in Bohai Rim was increasing during the research period, large scale project such as ports construction, reduced tortuous degree of the coastline.