We propose a load-balancing multi-LCD light field display technology. The multiple LCD panels operate as a spatial light modulator. Each light ray is the combination of pixels located in multiple LCD panels. The challenging problem is how to decompose the light field into limited layer images and display the light field compressively. Each pixel, as a controllable unit, is in spatial-multiplexing which means one pixel needs to be responsible to modulate multiple target light rays at the same time. We analyze the load imposed on each pixel by casting the light field decomposition as an over-determined equation problem. We found each pixel works in the state of overload and single pixel couldn’t give consideration to all target light rays. In order to reduce the load on pixels and improve display fidelity, we develop a multi-layer and multi-zone joint optimization strategy. The target light field is divided into multiple subzones and each subzone is displayed by multiple LCD panels combining with a dynamic directional backlight. By resolving the target light field, our display system further explores the multi-LCD’s capability of displaying light field and higher quality of light field display is achieved. We test our load-balancing decomposition algorithm based on different scene. The parallax, occlusion and blur of out-of-focus are restored successfully. And a three-layer prototype is constructed to demonstrate that correct light field is displayed in indoor lighting environment.
There is pressing need for 3D imaging technology in many areas. A number of light field camera designs are proposed using single image sensor. However, due to the limited size of image sensor chip and optical design, the disparity of the light field captured using single sensor camera systems is very small. Stanford group pioneered an implementation of light field capture systems using camera array. But, since the camera array often employs discrete imaging sensors and associated optics, the coverage image area for 3D reconstruction is limited. We propose a novel optical design approach that customizes the design for each optical channel to maximize the image quality, coverage area, among other design targets. We then integrate the optical design of all imaging channels into a single monolithic piece with compact structure, high reliability and assembly precision. As a result, the captured light field images from all imaging channels have the same object size with uniform image quality, thus greatly improve the quality of 3D light field reconstruction.