We presented a novel scheme to improve the stability of the orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes transmission by adding a dip at the edge of the annular high-index region of the air-core fiber. The simulation indicated a larger effective index difference of the vector modes that composed OAM modes in the same order, promising a stable transmission of the OAM modes. The intensity of the modes was concentrated better in this scheme decreasing the crosstalk between adjacent fibers. The propagation properties of the OAM modes in bent fiber were investigated.
The polarization smoothing (PS) of the focal spot on target is a key technology for inertial confinement fusion (ICF) laser. A mathematical model is presented to analyze the polarization smoothing in a convergent beam. The relation between the separations (both transverse and longitudinal) of focal spots and the parameters of the crystal are established. Via numerical simulation, the three-dimensional distributions of the far-field with and without PS are demonstrated. The relation between the property of the focal spot and the crystal’s thickness and tilt angle are obtained. Best smoothing can be achieved with the optimized thickness and tilt angle of the PS crystal.
The laser pulse should be shaped to satisfy the ICF physical requirement and the profile should be flattened to increase the extraction efficiency of the disk amplifiers and to ensure system safety in ICF laser facility. The spatial-temporal distribution of the laser pulse is affected by the gain saturation, uniformity gain profile of the amplifiers, and the frequency conversion process. The pulse spatial-temporal distribution can’t be described by simply analytic expression, so new iteration algorithms are needed. We propose new inversion method and iteration algorithms in this paper. All of these algorithms have been integrated in SG99 software and the validity has been demonstrated. The result could guide the design of the ICF laser facility in the future.
Physical model was established to describe the pulse superposition in multi-pass amplification process when the pulse reflected from the cavity mirror and the front and the end of the pulse encountered. Theoretical analysis indicates that pulse superposition will consume more inversion population than that consumed without superposition. The standing wave field will be formed when the front and the end of the pulse is coherent overlapped. The inversion population density is spatial hole-burning by the standing wave field. The pulse gain and pulse are affected by superposition. Based on this physical model, three conditions, without superposition, coherent superposition and incoherent superposition were compared. This study will give instructions for high power solid laser design.
For better performance of laser coupling in inertial confinement fusion (ICF), beam shaping of the focus spot is
required. Among all the beam smoothing methods, the multi frequency modulation smoothing by spectral dispersion
(MultiFM-SSD) proposed by LLE has the advantages of the faster smoothing and better operability. Strong
frequency modulation to amplitude modulation conversion(FM-to-AM) will take place because of the complex
spectrum imposed by the multi frequency modulators applied in the Multi FM-SSD method. The FM-to-AM effect is
studied with numerical simulation including the polarization mode dispersion and group velocity dispersion. The
results reveal that the modulation frequencies and bandwidths of multi modulators will influence the contrast degree
of the FM-to-AM effect. The compensation of the FM-to-AM with arbitrary waveform generator (AWG) is also
numerically simulated. The FM-to-AM effect is effectively suppressed, i.e. the non-uniformity of the pulse decreases
substantially, by applying multiple intensity and phase compensation (the compensation function is obtained via G-S
optical propagation simulation by SG99 code and invert algorithm has been made for two typical laser architecture,
namely the National Ignition Facility (model A) and SG-III laser facility (model B) based on measured 400mm aperture
Nd:glass slab gain distribution data on ITB system. When the gain nonuniformity is about 5%, 7%, and 9% respectively
within 395x395mm2 aperture and output beam aperture is 360x360mm2, and output energy is about 16kJ/5ns(square)
with B-integral limited, 1ω(1053nm) nearfield modulation is about 1.10, 1.15, and 1.30 respectively for model A (11+7
slab configuration), and 1.07, 1.08, and 1.17 respectively for model B (9+9 slab configuration) without spatial gain
compensation. With the above three gain nonuniformity and slab configuration unchanged, to achieve flat-in-top output
near field, the compensation depth of the input near field is about 1.5:1, 2.0:1, and 6.0:1 respectively for model A, and
1.3:1, 1.4:1, and 3.5:1 respectively for model B. Compared with model A (the beam aperture unchanged in multi-pass
amplification), the influence of slab gain nonuniformity on model B (beam aperture changed) is smaller. All the above
simulation results deserve further experiment study in the future.