A micro/nanofabrication feasible compact photonic crystal (PC) ring-resonator-based channel drop filter has been designed and analyzed for operation in C and L bands of communication window. The four-channel demultiplexer consists of ring resonators of holes in two-dimensional PC slab. The proposed assembly design of dense wavelength division multiplexing setup is shown to achieve optimal quality factor, without altering the lattice parameters or resonator size or inclusion of scattering holes. Transmission characteristics are analyzed using the three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain simulation approach. The radiation loss of the ring resonator was minimized by forced cancelation of radiation fields by fine-tuning the air holes inside the ring resonator. An average cross talk of −34 dB has been achieved between the adjacent channels maintaining an average quality factor of 5000. Demultiplexing is achieved by engineering only the air holes inside the ring, which makes it a simple and tolerant design from the fabrication perspective. Also, the device footprint of 500 μm2 on silicon on insulator platform makes it easy to fabricate the device using e-beam lithography technique.
Quantum communication or more specifically quantum information processing is considered as the future of information science and technology. In this paper we propose a scheme to implement quantum communication at the device level using integrated optics. We implement the quantum communication protocol BB84, in a waveguide based circuit using integrated optics. We also propose a high dimensional quantum key distribution method implementation using integrated optics. In the earlier one polarized photons are used as the carriers of quantum information, while in second one electromagnetic modes in the waveguide are used to carry quantum information. The high dimensional quantum communication method is used to increase the information content of protocol thus increasing on the data rates. This is done by encoding into a larger state space. We have used electromagnetic modes for encoding since the polarization method is not efficient to carry information in a larger state space.
In this paper a 2D Photonic Crystal array in SOI platform having hexagonal periodicity with a ring defect incorporated along with two bus waveguides is conceptualized and realized for various applications of optical communication, sensing etc. The ring structure filters out a resonant wavelength from the spectrum carried to it through the line defect where the resonated peak is determined by the effective ring radius. The hexagonal architecture enables more coupling length than an ideal ring structure which helps in better intensity accumulation. The resonant peak exhibited at 1554nm in simulation, which is observed in the optical characterization at 1543nm. This is attributed to the fabrication tolerance.