ZnO nanorod/wire is a nanomaterial that possessing high surface area to volume ratio and excellent optical and electrical properties, indicating its promising sensing capabilities in various applications. Here, we present the research work of ZnO nanorod/wire based sensors carried out in our lab, which were used in the optical, electrical and mechanical sensing areas, respectively. In optical sensing, a ZnO nanorod array was fabricated at the endface of an optical fiber, forming a sensing probe, whose interference spectrum shifts upon the exposure to gas analyte. In electrical sensing, the ZnO nanowires decorated extended-gate field-effect transistor was used as a pH sensor, whose source-drain current changed dramatically under different pH values when applying the same gate voltage. Finally, regarding to the mechanical sensing, the ZnO nanorods were applied to the surface of the solidly mounted resonator for gas detecting, whose resonant frequency shifts due to the absorption of gas analytes.
We demonstrate optical bistability in InP/InAlGaAs multi-quantum well(MQW) semiconductor ring lasers(SRL) which
are fabricated by the use of inductively coupled plasma reactive ion etching (ICP-RIE) and can be used in a multi-ring to
achieve all-optical storage. Unlike other international reports, the observed optical bistability has unidirectional regime
started directly from the threshold, skip the first two regimes and greatly reduce the injection current required in
applications. The device described in this article achieves threshold current 56mA which is quite low compared to other
reported devices, and some analysis and experiments on the etching depth have been done.