Veloce is an ultra-stable fibre-fed R4 echelle spectrograph for the 3.9 m Anglo-Australian Telescope. The first channel to be commissioned, Veloce ‘Rosso’, utilises multiple low-cost design innovations to obtain Doppler velocities for sun-like and M-dwarf stars at <1 ms -1 precision. The spectrograph has an asymmetric white-pupil format with a 100-mm beam diameter, delivering R>75,000 spectra over a 580-930 nm range for the Rosso channel. Simultaneous calibration is provided by a single-mode pulsed laser frequency comb in tandem with a traditional arc lamp. A bundle of 19 object fibres ensures full sampling of stellar targets from the AAT site. Veloce is housed in dual environmental enclosures that maintain positive air pressure at a stability of ±0.3 mbar, with a thermal stability of ±0.01 K on the optical bench. We present a technical overview and early performance data from Australia's next major spectroscopic machine.
VELOCE is an IFU fibre feed and spectrograph for the AAT that is replacing CYCLOPS2. It is being constructed by the AAO and ANU. In this paper we discuss the design and engineering of the IFU/fibre feed components of the cable. We discuss the mode scrambling gain obtained with octagonal core fibres and how these octagonal core fibres should be spliced to regular circular core fibres to ensure maximum throughput for the cable using specialised splicing techniques. In addition we also describe a new approach to manufacturing a precision 1D/2D array of optical fibres for some applications in IFU manufacture and slit manufacture using 3D printed fused silica substrates, allowing for a cheap substitute to expensive lithographic etching in silicon at the expense of positional accuracy. We also discuss the Menlo Systems laser comb which employs endlessly-singlemode fibre to eliminate modal noise associated with multimode fibre transmission to provide the VELOCE spectrograph with a stable and repeatable source of wavelength calibration lines.