In the study, the Polyol reduction process was used to fabricate silver nanowires (AgNWs). In the experiment, the ratio of PVP/Ag, silver seed, AgNO<sub>3</sub> and the amount of ethylene glycol (EG) were adopted to design orthogonal array with a constant temperature and heating time and the synthesis parameters of AgNWs were obtained. Therefore, the optimal AgNWs solution was obtained, followed by centrifuging to obtain AgNWs which were used to fabricate AgNWs film. The scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscope (FTIR), Energy Dispersive Spectrometer (EDS) and four-point probe were used to measure the sheet resistant and transmittance of AgNWs film. Moreover, the AgNWs film was adopted to be the conductive wires of LED. From the experiment results, the synthesis parameter of 15ml EG, 0.01g AgCl, ratio 2 of PVP/Ag and 0.22g AgNO<sub>3</sub> could be used to fabricate optimal AgNWs with 45nm average diameter, 5μm average length and aspect ratio of 110. The sheet resistance and transmittance of film fabricated by centrifuged AgNWs was 0.1252 Ω/sq and 70%, respectively. Furthermore, the luminance of LED with conductive wires made of AgNWs film was better than that made of commercial silver plastic. In the future, the AgNWs film can be broadly applied to the conductive films of touch electric products, LCD display and solar panels.
In the exposure process, the intensity and uniformity of light in the exposure area directly influenced the precision of products. UV-LED (Ultraviolet Light-Emitting Diode) exposure system was established to reduce the radiation leakage and increase the energy efficiency for energy saving. It is a trend that conventional mercury lamp could be replaced with UV-LED exposure system. This study was based on the law of conservation of energy and law of refraction of optical field distributing on the target plane. With these, a freeform lens with uniform light field of main exposure area could be designed. The light outside the exposure area could be concentrated into the area to improve the intensity of light. The refraction index and UV transmittance of Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) is 1.43 at 385 nm wavelength and 85-90%, respectively. The PDMS was used to fabricate the optics lens for UV-LEDs. The average illumination and the uniformity could be obtained by increasing the number of UV-LEDs and the spacing of different arrangement modes. After exposure process with PDMS lens, about 5% inaccuracy was obtained. Comparing to 10% inaccuracy of general exposure system, it shows that it is available to replace conventional exposure lamp with using UV-LEDs.