After years of development, military camouflage has formed a set of theoretical and technical systems represented by color camouflage. At present, a large number of camouflage technology research has been carried out for multispectral reconnaissance of visible and near-infrared. In order to better detect and identify the camouflage target, it is necessary to expand the new reconnaissance band and improve the spectral resolution of the reconnaissance instrument. In this paper, the research on camouflage target recognition technology is carried out through short-wave infrared hyperspectral imaging technology, and the camouflage target is identified by SAM, ACM and CEM algorithms respectively, and the characteristics of three methods in short-wave infrared camouflage target recognition are verified. This research can improve the ability to detect and identify camouflage targets and provide a new means for modern battlefield reconnaissance.