Electro-optical (EO) tracking systems, while exhibiting strong nonlinear characteristics, are difficult to accurately model. Nonlinear resistance torque is proposed to describe the system’s nonlinear phenomenon and the genetic algorithm is used to identify model parameters. The model’s root-mean-square error (RMSE) was reduced using nonlinear resistance torque by 2.5 times compared to the Stribeck friction model and by 12 times compared to the linear model. Under the identified model, the system’s nonlinearity was effectively compensated. The results demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed method for the identification of EO tracking systems.
A simulation platform is established for target motion using a liquid crystal (LC) spatial light modulator as a nonmechanical beam steering control device. By controlling the period and orientation of the phase grating generated by the spatial light modulator, the platform realizes two-dimensional (2-D) beam steering using a single LC device. The zenith and azimuth angle range from 0 deg to 2.89 deg and from 0 deg to 360 deg, respectively, with control resolution of 0.0226 deg and 0.0300 deg, respectively. The response time of the beam steering is always less than 0.04 s, irrespective of steering angle. Three typical aircraft tracks are imitated to evaluate the performance of the simulation platform. The correlation coefficients between the theoretical and simulated motions are larger than 0.9822. Results show that it is highly feasible to realize 2-D target motion simulation using the LC spatial light modulator.
A simulation platform is set up to study the ship-borne laser communications. A liquid crystal spatial light modulator is used as a non-mechanical beam steering control device to simulate beam motions of moving platforms. Because of its light weight, low power and compact form, the liquid crystal spatial light modulator is superior to its mechanical counterparts. The theory of beam steering is introduced firstly. And then the performance of the simulation platform is researched and evaluated. The steering angles range from -2.89° to 2.89° with the control precision of ~ 0.02°. The simulated sinusoidal frequency of the spatial light modulator can reach 4 Hz in maximum. Finally, the beam motions of the ship platforms with different natural rolling periods are simulated based on the platform. The correlation coefficients between the theoretical and the simulated motion curves are greater than 0.9805. Results show that it is feasible to realize the beam motions simulation of specific moving platforms using the liquid crystal spatial light modulator.