In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate a hybrid distributed acoustic and temperature sensor (DATS) based on
Raman and coherent Rayleigh scattering processes in a standard singlemode fiber. A single commercial off-the-shelf
DFB laser and a common receiver block are used to implement a highly integrated hybrid sensor system with key
industrial applications. Distributed acoustic sensing and Raman temperature measurement are simultaneously performed
by exploiting cyclic Simplex pulse coding in a phase-sensitive OTDR and in Raman DTS using direct detection. Suitable
control and modulation of the DFB laser ensures inter-pulse incoherence and intra-pulse coherence, enabling accurate
long-distance measurement of vibrations and temperature with minimal post-processing.
We propose and experimentally demonstrate a Distributed Acoustic Sensor exploiting cyclic Simplex coding in a phase-sensitive OTDR on standard single mode fibers based on direct detection. Suitable design of the source and use of cyclic coding is shown to improve the SNR of the coherent back-scattered signal by up to 9 dB, reducing fading due to modulation instability and enabling accurate long-distance measurement of vibrations with minimal post-processing.
We propose and experimentally demonstrate a fully hybrid distributed sensing scheme that uses a single narrow-band laser to perform fast measurement of the BFS using BOTDA and simultaneous temperature measurement based on spontaneous Raman scattering over 10 km of single mode fiber. The use of cyclic pulse coding effectively reduces the pump peak power levels required for accurate Raman-based distributed temperature measurement, enhancing at the same time the speed of the BFS measurement in the BOTDA technique.