For the true time delay (TTD) of optical fiber changes with temperature, integrated optical chips are proposed to improve the delay consistency among channels. A 5-bit TTD chip is proposed in this paper. By using cascaded switches and optical waveguides, the chip is switchable and wavelength independent. A beamforming system operating at 6GHz is established for demonstration. 7 beam directions covering ±15° is obtained with proper mainside lobe ratio.
Microwave photonic (MWP) based radio frequency (RF) channel is usually composed of three parts: microwave pre-processing part, electro-optical interconversion part and microwave post-processing part. The nonlinearity of active components causes serious harmonics at the output of MWP based RF channels. This paper mainly analyzes the harmonic distortions produced in the external-modulated optical transmission link and studies the variation of output harmonic power in the RF channel by changing the modulator bias point. According to the experiment, it is verified that the second harmonic can be effectively suppressed when the modulator is biased at high power point.
Microwave photonic mixer is a potential solution for wideband information systems due to the ultra-wide operating bandwidth, high LO-to-RF isolation, the intrinsic immunity to electromagnetic interference, and the compatibility with exsiting microwave photonic transmission systems. The spurious response of microwave photonic mixer cascading in series a pair of Mach-Zehnder interferometric intensity modulators has been simulated and analyzed in this paper. The low order spurious products caused by the nonlinearity of modulators are non-negligible, and the proper IF frequency and accurate bias-controlling are of great importance to mitigate the impact of spurious products.