The purpose of this investigation is to study laser ablation properties of glass fiber composite under obliquely impinging air jet. The continue wave near infrared laser ablation of fiber-reinforced composite materials under air jet with different velocity and inclination was studied experimental. The laser intensity is uniform distribution and the weight of sample was measured before and after experiment. Effective ablation heat was defined as the ratio of laser energy to weight loss. The experimental results showed that the process of the glass fiber reinforced epoxy composite ablation under laser and air jet can be divided into two stages. The first stage is mainly thermal ablation. The effective ablation heat increased as the inclination angle increased under same laser intensity. The effective ablation heat decreased with laser irradiation duration under same inclination angel and laser intensity. the second stage is mainly mechanical damage. the remain materials was broken and removed by air jet impingement, thus the effective ablation heat decreased evidently.
For mechanical properties temperature dependence test in high temperature rising rate, a method of heating specimen using two-sided laser irradiation is proposed. Simulation about different materials in laser heating about different laser power density and different laser duration were conducted. The result shows that two-sided laser irradiation can obviously improve the temperature field of the specimen in normal laser irradiating. The simulation shows that this method is better for metal than composite materials because of the heating pyrolisys may have a bad influence on the thermal balance. Based on this method, the tensile strength temperature dependence of the T700 carbon fiber laminate was obtained. The result is close to the parameter obtained in electrical mechanical machine by furnace heating. The research can make a reference for the mechanical properties test of composite materials or metal in high temperature with high heating rate.
Based on the overhanging beam three-point bending method, the experimental system was set up to measure the variety of shear stiffness of Nomex honeycomb sandwich panel in laser irradiation. The shear stiffness of the specimens under different laser power density was measured. The result shows that the thermal effect during the laser irradiation leads to the degradation of mechanical properties of Nomex honeycomb sandwich panel. High temperature rise rate in the specimen is another main reason for the shear stiffness degeneration. This research provides a reference for the degradation of mechanical properties of composite materials in laser irradiation and proposes a new method for the study of laser interaction with matter.
To research the influence of initial temperature on the laser ablation impulse coupling coefficient, we have established an experimental setup that can response micro impulse of μNs level. The setup mainly contains the impact pendulum with tiny-damp and the micro-angle detector based on laser diffuse reflection. The different initial temperatures were realized by continuum laser irradiation with different intensities and time duration. Experiments were carried out to show the effect of initial temperature on the impulse coupling coefficient by Nd:YAG laser pulses. The results show that the impulse coupling coefficients rapidly increased with the increases of the laser intensity. When incident laser intensity is about 5.2J/cm<sup>2</sup>, the coefficient increased to the maximum. Then the impulse coupling coefficients decreased gradually. Theoretical analysis and the experimental results show that the impulse coefficient increase at the first phase result from increase energy of plasma, while the coefficient decrease at the second phase derived mainly from the target softening under high temperature.
The output power of a narrow line-width laser is usually limited by the Stimulated Brillouin Scattering effect. In Master Oscillator Power Amplifier structures, multi-point pump could rearrange the gain distribution along the fiber, leading to the suppression of the Stimulated Brillouin Scattering effect with maintained amplification efficiency. A theoretical model concerning 100W-level fiber amplifiers is proposed. Stimulation is performed to analyze the amplification process of the laser signal and Stimulated Brillouin Scattering. The results demonstrate that the power of scattering light decreases from 3.2W to 6.8mW (with two-point pump) indicating the effectiveness of this new technology in Stimulated Brillouin Scattering suppression.
A large angularly multiplexed XeCl Excimer laser system is under development at the Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology (NINT). It is designed to explore the technical issues of uniform and controllable target illumination. Short wavelength, uniform and controllable target illumination is the fundamental requirement of high energy density physics research using large laser facility. With broadband, extended light source and multi-beam overlapping techniques, rare gas halide Excimer laser facility will provide uniform target illumination theoretically. Angular multiplexing and image relay techniques are briefly reviewed and some of the limitations are examined to put it more practical. The system consists of a commercial oscillator front end, three gas discharge amplifiers, two electron beam pumped amplifiers and the optics required to relay, encode and decode the laser beam. An 18 lens array targeting optics direct and focus the laser in the vacuum target chamber. The system is operational and currently undergoing tests. The total 18 beams output energy is more than 100J and the pulse width is 7ns (FWHM), the intensities on the target will exceed 10<sup>13</sup>W/cm<sup>2</sup>. The aberration of off-axis imaging optics at main amplifier should be minimized to improve the final image quality at the target. Automatic computer controlled alignment of the whole system is vital to efficiency and stability of the laser system, an array of automatic alignment model is under test and will be incorporated in the system soon.
Excimer laser has been shown to be efficient tools in plasma physics and material science. Recent progress on techniques of beam control in excimer laser system required for energy scaling are overviewed, Configuration and initial results of a 100J/10ns, 18 beam excimer laser system are given.
(ultraviolet). To generate strongly coupled plasmas (SCP) by high power excimer laser, an Au-CH-Al-CH target is used to make the Al sample reach the state of SCP, in which the Au layer transforms laser energy to X-ray that heating the sample by volume and the CH layers provides necessary constraints. With aid of the MULTI-1D code, we calculate the state of the Al sample and its relationship with peak intensity, width and wavelength of laser pulses. The calculated results suggest that an excimer laser with peak intensity of the magnitude of 10<sup>13</sup>W/cm<sup>2</sup> and pulse width being 5ns - 10ns is suitable to generate SCP with the temperature being tens of eV and the density of electron being of the order of 10<sup>22</sup>/cm<sup>-3</sup>. Lasers with shorter wavelength, such as KrF laser, are preferable.
In high power eximer laser system, amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) decreases the signal contrast ratio severely, leads to waveform broadening and distortion, and impacts on accurate physical experiments. In this article, based on principle of short pulse generation by electro-optical (E-O) switch, a method for ASE suppression of laser amplifiers chain was established. A series of studies on UV electro-optical switches were carried out, and electro-optical (E-O) switches with high extinction ratio were developed. In the waveform clipping experiments of the first pre-amplifier, the extinction ratio of the single and cascaded dual E-O switch reaches 10<sup>3</sup> and 10<sup>4</sup> order of magnitude, the laser pulse signal contrast ratio was promoted to 10<sup>5</sup> and 10<sup>6</sup> level, respectively. In the experiments of single channel MOPA (Master Oscillator Power Amplifier system), the cascaded dual E-O switch was adopted to suppress ASE of the whole system, and a fine narrow pulse was obtained on the target surface, which gives out one effective solution to the problem of waveform amplification of the high power eximer laser system.
A short pulse XeCl laser system is being developed for plasma physics and material science study. Partial spatial
incoherence seed with short pulse is amplified by MOPA chain including three discharge pumped amplifiers and two
electron beam pumped amplifiers for one beam. Final laser output of 5~10J in energy with pulse width of around 10ns
has been achieved, which lays a good foundation for full scale construction.