Fiber optic sensor (FOS) has received much attention in the field of Structure Health Monitoring (SHM) due to its advantages of low weight, small size, high sensitivity multiplexing ability, free of electromagnetic interference and long durability. However, in harsh environments, structures often undergo large strain where few traditional fiber optic sensors could survive. This paper report a novel material with features of light-transparent, chemically inert, thermally stable material Polydimethylsiloxane(PDMS) fabricated large axial/shearing strain sensor. The sensor was fabricated by directly coupling a conventional signal mode fiber into half cured PDMS material using a translation stage under the inspection of a microscope. Meanwhile, a laser diode and a photo detector were used in the fabrication process to make sure the sensor achieved minimum light loss. An experiment was conducted later to investigate the sensor’s transmission characteristic in 1310nm infrared laser relating with the applied axial/shearing strain. The results show that the proposed sensor survived an axial strain of 6 7.79 x 10<sup>6</sup> με ; a shear of 4 6.49 x 10<sup>4</sup> με with good linearity and repetition. The experiment indicates that the proposed sensor can potentially be used as strain sensing elements in Structure Health Monitoring systems under earthquake or explosion.