A relatively simple design of a terahertz (THz) polarization splitter based on an asymmetric dual-suspended-core fiber is proposed. One core is formed by two intersecting rectangular dielectric strips with dissimilar thickness, whereas the other is a round solid core suspended by crossed dielectric strips with the same thickness. The distance between the cores can be adjusted to ensure a short splitting length and low transmission loss. A THz polarization splitter with a length of 1.27 cm is realized with a low transmission loss of 0.53 and 0.67 dB for the x- and y-polarization modes, respectively. An extinction ratio of about −20 dB and a broad bandwidth of 0.046 THz are demonstrated.
Single-mode operation with low-bending loss based on few-mode optical fiber is investigated. The fiber is designed with a group of ring modes in the cladding. The higher-order modes in the fiber can be eliminated by splicing with the single-mode optical fiber and bending the fiber to induce a strong coupling between the ring modes and the higher-order modes. Experimental results show that the bending losses of the LP01 mode can be lower than 0.001 dB/turn for a low-bending radius of 7.5 mm. The low-bending loss and the low splicing loss characteristics are also demonstrated. The proposed fiber can be bent multiple turns with a small bending radius which is preferable for fiber-to-the-home-related applications.
The technique of eliminating the higher-order modes in a few-mode optical fiber is proposed. The fiber is designed with a group of defect modes in the cladding. The higher-order modes in the fiber can be eliminated by bending the fiber to induce strong coupling between the defect modes and the higher-order modes. Numerical simulation shows the bending losses of the LP01 mode are lower than 1.5×10<sup>-4</sup> dB/turn for the wavelength shorter than 1.625 μm. The proposed fiber can be bent multiple turns at small bending radius which are preferable for FTTH related applications.
A few-mode microstructured optical fiber is designed for low bending loss applications. Low-index rods and air-holes are applied to lower the splicing loss with the standard single-mode optical fiber (SMF) and to achieve ultra-low bending loss. Numerical results show that the proposed fiber can realize low bending loss of 0.004 dB/turn at the bending radius of 5 mm and low splicing of 0.04 dB with the standard SMF.
Based on the coupled-mode theory, Cherenkov second harmonic generation (CSHG) from a channel waveguide has been analyzed and discussed in detail. The conversion efficiency with only conversion depletion and the conversion efficiency with conversion depletion and propagation loss are obtained respectively, the results show that for the case of low conversion efficiency the conversion depletion can be neglected, but for the case of high conversion efficiency we must take conversion depletion into account, and the propagation loss must be taken into accounted for the both. Furthermore, the nonlinear phase shift (NPS) of the fundamental beam can be maximized by choosing appropriate grating period and appropriate waveguide thickness, which makes the configuration have a promising potential to realize all-optical switches.
In an earlier approach, the 2-D acoustical field profiles on the substrate region are often calculated with BPM. In this
paper, we present a new approach based on the finite element - artificial transmitting boundary method and calculate the
2-D acoustical field on the substrate region.