The given data on the optical arrangement, in which the coordinate distributions of the real and imaginary component of the elements of the Jones matrix of optically thin polycrystalline layers are determined. Algorithms are presented and an experimental method for measuring the real and imaginary component of Jones-matrix images is analyzed. The experimental results of the study of statistical, correlation, and fractal parameters, which characterize the real component of the Jones-matrix image of polycrystalline networks of flat layers of the main types of human amino acids, are presented.
A model of weak phase fluctuations of polycrystalline films of biological fluids is proposed. A correlation approach has been used to describe the polarization manifestations of the linear and circular birefringence of biological planar polycrystalline networks. Algorithms of polarization experimental measurement of the module (orientation map) and phase (phase map) of a set of "two-point" parameters of the Stokes vector are determined. The sets of orientation and phase maps of polycrystalline films of bile and blood are studied experimentally. The diagnostic possibilities of statistical analysis of the module and phase distributions of the "two-point" parameters of the Stokes vector of polarization-inhomogeneous images are considered. The magnitudes and ranges of changes in the set of statistical moments of the 1st and 4th orders that characterize the orientation and phase maps of polycrystalline films of bile and blood are found. The sensitivity, specificity and balanced accuracy of the method of polarization-correlation mapping in the diagnosis of early stage of cholelithiasis, as well as differentiation of the degree of blood losses, were determined.
In this paper are presented next research materials: • structural-logical scheme for diagnosing the limitation of death (LD) by the methods of polarizing microscopic tomography of the polycrystalline structure of vitreous preparations; • the temporal dynamics of necrotic changes in the coordinate distributions of the magnitude of the linear birefringence (LB) of the crystalline fraction of VB layers of the deceased; • the magnitudes and ranges of the temporal variation of the statistical moments of the 1st to the 4th orders characterizing the distributions of the LB value of the crystal fraction of the VB layers of the deceased; • efficiency and accuracy of LD determination by the method of polarization microscopic tomography LB polycrystalline component of the VB layers of the deceased; • the effectiveness of the use of wavelet analysis of the coordinate distributions of the LB value of a polycrystalline fraction of VB layers of the deceased in certain LD.