We demonstrate a narrow-linewidth laser source for high spatial resolution distributed optical sensing by utilizing the high-order modulation sidebands injection locking. A pair of phase-locked lasers with arbitrary frequency offset from 5 GHz to 50 GHz is generated. Meanwhile, a linearized frequency sweep covering range of 15 GHz in 6 ms with frequency errors of 240 kHz from linearity is also achieved using the same scheme, the instantaneous linewidth of the frequency-swept laser is measured to be ~2.5 kHz.
Polarization fading is a phenomenon observed often in BOTDR distributed sensors, which greatly reduces signal-to-noise ratio of the detected signal. We proposed a scheme based on injecting optical pulse probes with orthogonal polarization states, which is generated by a delay Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) composed of two polarization beam splitters (PBS). The principle is analyzed and the effect of reducing polarization fading is demonstrated experimentally. The method uses simple and passive components and is suitable for practical applications.