Automotive headlight evolved from incandescent, to halogen, to xenon, to LED, and most recently, to laser phosphor lamps with increasing efficiencies and brightness. This paper presents the development of laser phosphor headlights using glass phosphor and single crystal phosphor for efficient and high power operations. Laser diodes are used for pumping the phosphors producing the white light to be projected to the roadway. In addition, various configurations of the laser diodes, which are individual addressable, are to be presented. Together with the used of DLP and LCD imagers, intelligent headlights are developed with the abilities selectively scanning the imagers illuminating the roadway with varying intensities. The design of the systems and the experimental results will be presented.
Traditional illumination systems uses various lamps selected based on certain requirements of the applications. One common issue is the trade-off between output brightness and lamp lifetime. LEDs with long lifetimes have been used in many applications. This paper describes a multi-colored LED illumination system with individually controlled red, green, and blue outputs combined together with the etendue of a single LED, having enhanced green and red output brightness with supplementary excitation of the phosphor-based green and red LEDs from additional blue LEDs, increasing the overall output of the system.
The most widely used light sources for projection system and spotlights are discharge lamps. With tremendous advancements over the last decade in blue laser developments, laser excited phosphor systems have been developed for various applications including projectors and spotlights. One major challenge remains in the very high power applications where multi-kilowatt xenon lamps are still being used. In this paper, an advance material, namely, single crystal phosphor has been developed with high optical efficiency, high power handling capability, and a melting point of 1,950°C. To enable such single crystal phosphor to be used to its full capacity, a major effort was placed on the heat sinking of the crystal phosphor pumped at high power, over 70 W of blue laser power from a 4 by 6 array of laser diodes. The nominal dimension of the crystal phosphor of one of the system measures 2 mm by 2 mm by 4 mm and is end-pumped from one end with a set of focusing lenses directing the output from 24 lasers onto the surface of the crystal phosphor. The 4 sides of the crystal phosphor is specially coated and attached to the heat sink for efficient dissipation of heat, keeping the temperature of the crystal low enough for efficient emission. The output from the crystal phosphor is extracted using a CPC reducing the total internal reflection effect inside the crystal phosphor. To accommodate the high power laser at the input face of the crystal phosphor, various methods are used to prevent the local burning of the input face, including the use of diffusers, light pipes, and light tunnels. The computer simulation and experimental results will be presented.
We report and demonstrate the feasibility of adapting glass as a phosphor-converted layer in laser headlight module, instead of conventional doped silicone that can potentially provide higher reliability and better performance for advanced laser headlight module. A laser headlight module (HLM) consists of blue a high-power laser array, a color phosphor, and an optical micro-lens system. The color phosphor is a key component in the HLM which consists of glass-based yellow phosphor-converted layer. The conversion layer of the yellow Ce:YAG phosphor is bonded on an aluminum substrate. A blue high-power laser array is used to excite the color phosphor and then release yellow light. Then, the combinations of blue and yellow light become white-laser light for use in the HLM. In this study, the fabrication of HLM with the glass-based yellow phosphor-converted layers is presented. The optical performance of the HLM including lumen, lumen efficiency, chromaticity, and transmission is detailed discussion. This study demonstrates the adapting glass as a phosphor-converted color phosphor in the HLMs that provide high-reliability and better performance for use in the new-generation laser headlight module.
A new scheme of high-reliability laser light engine (LLE) employing a novel glass-based phosphor-converted layer is proposed and demonstrated. The LLE module consists of a high-power blue light laser array and a color wheel, which includes two glass-based phosphor-converted layers of yellow Ce:YAG and green Ce:LuAG and a micro motor. The combinations of blue, yellow, and green lights produce high-purity phosphor-converted white-laser-diodes (PC-WLDs). The lumen degradation and chromaticity shift in the glass-based phosphor-converted layer under different laser powers are presented and compared with those of silicon-based PC-WLDs. The results showed that the glass based PC-WLDs exhibited in lower lumen loss and less chromaticity shifts than the silicon-based PC-WLDs. The long term reliability study evaluation in glass- and silicone-based PC-WLDs under high-power 120 W at room temperature for 20,000 hours is also presented and compared. The result showed that the silicone-based PC-WLDs exhibited 50% in lumen decay which failed in operation, while the glass-based PC-WLDs only exhibited 2% in lumen decay. This indicates that the proposed LLE modules are benefit to employ in the area where the silicone-based material fails to stand for long and strict reliability is highly required. This study demonstrates the advantages of adapting novel glass as a phosphor-converted color wheel in the LLE modules that provide unique high-reliability as well as better performance for use in the next-generation laser projector system.
A highly reliable laser light engine (LLE) employing a novel glass-based phosphor-converted layer is experimentally demonstrated. The LLE module consisted of a blue light laser array and a color wheel, which included two glass-based phosphor-converted layers of yellow YAG:Ce and green LuAG:Ce and a micro motor. The blue light laser array was used to excite the color wheel to create yellow and green lights. The combination of the blue, yellow, and green lights produced high-purity white light for use in LLEs. The glass-based LLE exhibited better thermal stability, higher luminous efficiency of 64.7lm/W(YAG:Ce) and 67.2lm/W (LuAG:Ce), and higher purity of 95.4%(YAG:Ce) and 77.4%(LuAG:Ce). This study clearly demonstrates the advantages of adapting novel glass as a phosphor-converted color wheel in LEL modules that provide higher reliability and better performance of laser projectors for use in the next generation LLEs, particularly in the area where the conventional LLEs employing silicone-based phosphor fails to stand for long and strict reliability is highly required.