Traditional Lamb wave structural health monitoring (SHM)/nondestructive evaluation (NDE) system employs contact type transducers such as PZT, ultrasonic transducers, and optical fibers. In application, transducer attachment and maintenance can be time and labor consuming. In addition, the use of couplant and adhesives can introduce additional materials on structures, and the interface coupling is often not well understood. To overcome these limitations, we proposed a fully non-contact NDE system by employing pulsed laser (PL) for Lamb wave actuation and scanning laser Doppler vibrometer (SLDV) for Lamb wave sensing. The proposed system is implemented on aluminum plates. The PL Lamb wave excitation is calibrated, and the optimal parameters are obtained. Lamb wave modes are then characterized through 1D wavefield analysis. With the calibrated and characterized system, defect detection and evaluation are achieved on aluminum plates with simulated defects (surfaced-bonded quartz rod, and machine milled crack) through 1D and 2D inspection in both time-space and frequency-wavenumber domains.
In this paper we present a structural health monitoring (SHM) paradigm based on the simultaneous use of ultrasounds and electromechanical impedance (EMI) to monitor waveguides. The paradigm uses guided ultrasonic waves (GUWs) in pitch-catch mode and EMI simultaneously. The two methodologies are driven by the same sensing/hardware/software unit. To assess the feasibility of this unified system an aluminum plate was monitored for varying damage location. Damage was simulated by adding small masses to the plate. The results associated with pitch-catch GUW testing mode were used in ultrasonic tomography, and statistical analysis was used to detect the damages using the EMI measurements. The results of GUW and EMI monitoring show that the proposed system is robust and can be developed further to address the challenges associated with the SHM of complex structures.