Chiral metamaterials have been a research area for many researchers due to their polarization rotation properties on electromagnetic waves. However, most of the proposed chiral metamaterials are designed depending on experience or time-consuming inefficient simulations. A method is investigated for designing a chiral metamaterial with a strong and natural chirality admittance by optimizing a grid of metallic pixels through both sides of a dielectric sheet placed perpendicular to the incident wave by using a genetic algorithm (GA) technique based on finite element method solver. The effective medium parameters are obtained by using constitutive equations and S parameters. The proposed methodology is very efficient for designing a chiral metamaterial with the desired effective medium parameters. By using GA-based topology, it is proven that a chiral metamaterial can be designed and manufactured more easily and with a low cost.
In a lossy media, anisotropic chiral metamaterial (MTM) structures with normal incidence asymmetric transmission of linearly polarized electromagnetic (EM) waves are investigated and analyzed in both microwave and terahertz frequency regimes. The proposed lossy structures are used to perform dynamic polarization rotation and consist of square-shaped resonators with gaps on both sides of dielectric substrates with a certain degree of rotation. Asymmetric transmission of a linearly polarized EM wave through the chiral MTMs is realized by experimental and numerical studies. The dynamic structures are adjustable via various parameters to be tuned for any desired frequency regimes. From the obtained results, the suggested structure can be used to design new polarization control devices for desired frequency regimes.