Transverse mode instability becomes the main limit for power scaling of high power fiber lasers with nearly diffraction-limited beam. Compared to conventional step index fiber, this paper proposes a partially doped fiber, which can decrease coupling coefficient between fundamental mode and higher order mode. Based on a coupled mode model, this designed fiber is proved to suppress transverse mode instability effect and promising for power scaling of fiber lasers. Furthermore, we investigate the impact of doped region on transverse mode instability threshold, and propose a partially doped fiber, which can realize 5 kW in single mode regime theoretically.
Transverse mode instability (TMI) limits power scaling of fiber lasers. A semianalytical model is established to calculate the TMI threshold in high-power fiber laser systems of the multi-kW-class. A linear inner-cladding fiber can mitigate the TMI effect by smoothing the heat profile and decreasing the nonlinear coupling coefficient along the fiber. We investigate strong pump absorption of a linear inner-cladding fiber, which leads to shorter fiber length. Utilizing a 915-nm copumping scheme, the linear inner-cladding fiber can realize 10-kW output power in single-mode regime theoretically.
We use a semi-analytical model considering pump power saturation in high power fiber laser systems of multi-kW-class to calculate mode instability threshold. A novel designed fiber, linear inner-cladding fiber, can mitigate mode instability effect by decreasing nonlinear coupling coefficient and smoothing heat profile along the fiber. We investigate strong pump absorption of linear inner-cladding fiber, leading to shorter fiber length. With 915 nm pumping, linear inner-cladding fiber can reach 10 kW output power without mode instability in theory.