A highly nonlinear dispersion flattened microstructured fiber is proposed. The new structure adopts two claddings with
different pitches, air-holes diameters and air-holes arrayed fashions. The characteristics of such microstructured fiber
such as nonlinearity and dispersion properties are investigated. The influence of the cladding structure parameters on the
nonlinear coefficient and geometric dispersion is analyzed by full-vector finite element method with perfectly matched
layer. Highly nonlinear coefficient and the dispersion properties of fibers are tailored by adjusting the cladding structure
parameters. A novel microstructured fiber with highly nonlinear coefficient and dispersion flattened which is suited for
supercontinuum generation is designed.
Using an efficient, full-vectorial numerical simulation method, we analyze the existent conditions of the photonic bandgap (PBG), which is further demonstrated through experimental research. We utilize the method of transmission spectrum to measure the hollow-core microstructure fibers (HC-MSFs) in the visible and near infrared regions. The signal is obtained by detecting light from the end of the fiber. The experimental results indicate that there are several strong transmission bands in the near infrared region, but hardly any bandgaps in the visible region. Furthermore the attenuation in the visible wavelength is very considerable. The parameters of the HC-MSFs structure used in the measurement are the distance of nearest air holes pitch Λ (2.65μm), the diameter of air holes in the cladding d (2.10μm), and the central air core diameter (8.37μm). The spectrum positions of the bandgap in the spectrogram are 2297nm, 2406nm, and 2525nm, respectively. The repetition of the experimental results is fine.