We have developed a thin THz-wave planar lens based on the phase-patterned Fresnel zone plate (FZP) concept to obtain a high transmittance and short focal length in free space. The FZP lens was designed for focusing THz waves at 1.0 THz (λ=300 μm) with a transmittance of more than 80% and a focal length of 24 mm (80λ). The developed FZP lens was made of polymer BCB as a flexible film substrate with concentric zones of metamaterial-based phase shifter patterns with a subwavelength thickness of approximately 48 μm (0.16λ). To obtain the THz-wave phase retardation of π/2 compared to the naked polymer substrate, we employed the metamaterial unit structure consisting of double-layer unsplit ring resonators (USRRs) with a 32-μm distance between the two layers. The experimental result confirms that the FZP lens creates a focus by constructive interference of incident THz waves through concentric zones of metamaterial-patterned and un-patterned regions. By using a narrowband THz-wave beam from an injection-seeded THz-wave parametric generator, the measured focus spot size of 0.57 mm at full width at half maximum was obtained at the designed frequency of 1.0 THz. Using this FZP lens, the THz-wave imaging test in transmission geometry has also been demonstrated.