This article describes the design and simulation of a novel multi-functional hinge equipped with a rotary magnetorheological damper for solar array deployment system, which is comprised of a hinge, an angular sensor, a positioning and locking mechanism and a rotary damper. In order to achieve the compact design in structure, some components were reused in different function modules. It’s the first to use magnet-rheological fluid (MRF) to dissipate the energy in solar array deployment system. The main advantage in using MR rotary damper instead of a viscous fluid rotary damper is that the damping force of MR damper can be adjusted according to the external magnetic field environment excited. A mechanic model was built and the structure design was focused on the MR rotary damper, a damping force model of this damper is deduced based on hydromechanics with Bingham plastic constitutive model. A simulation of deployment motion was taken to validate the motion sequence of various components during the unfolding and locking process. It can be obtained that a constant damping coefficient can hardly balance the different performance of solar deployment system, then a simulation of the proposed deployment system equipped with rotary MR damper was carried out. According to the simulation, it can be obtained that the terminal velocity decreased by 75.81% and the deployment time decreased by 72.37% compared with a given constant damping coefficients. Therefore, the proposed new type of rotary damper can reach a compromise with different performance utilizing an on-off control strategy.
Wireless sensor networks (WSN) greatly extend our ability to monitor and control the physical world. It can collaborate
and aggregate a huge amount of sensed data to provide continuous and spatially dense observation of environment. The
control and monitoring of indoor atmosphere conditions represents an important task with the aim of ensuring suitable
working and living spaces to people. However, the comprehensive air quality, which includes monitoring of humidity,
temperature, gas concentrations, etc., is not so easy to be monitored and controlled. In this paper an indoor WSN
monitoring system was developed. In the system several sensors such as temperature sensor, humidity sensor, gases
sensor, were built in a RF transceiver board for monitoring indoor environment conditions. The indoor environmental
monitoring parameters can be transmitted by wireless to database server and then viewed throw PC or PDA accessed to
the local area networks by administrators. The system, which was also field-tested and showed a reliable and robust
characteristic, is significant and valuable to people.
In order to meet the demand for miniaturization and excellent performances of antennas to send and receive the wireless signals, in this paper a novel Photonic Band Gap (PBG) structure of a two-dimensional square lattice array etched on one side of silicon wafer is proposed as the grounds of a microstrip patch antenna. An analysis of the performance of a patch antenna with a PBG ground has been carried out, then two rectangle MEMS microstrip antennas with a conventional and a PBG ground respectively, are designed, while the alternating direction implicit finite-difference time-domain (ADI-FDTD) is adopted to perform time simulations of Gaussian pulse propagation in the microstrip antennas, as a result of the versatile method, the frequency-dependent scattering parameters and input impedance could be derived. An important reduction of the surface waves in the PBG antenna has been observed in the simulations, which consequently leads to an improvement of the antenna efficiency and bandwidth. Subsequently, the MEMS PBG antenna is micromachined and measured, and the simulation characteristics are verified by the measured curves of the MEMS PBG antenna. The measured peak return loss of PBG patch antenna is -21dB at 5.36GHz, and the bandwidth of 8.5%, which is three times wider than that of the conventional patch, therefore the gain and the bandwidth are enhanced by means of PBG process.
For applying micro/nano technologies and Micro-Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS) technologies in the Radio Frequency (RF) field to manufacture miniature microstrip antennas. A novel MEMS dual-band patch antenna designed using slot-loaded and short-circuited size-reduction techniques is presented in this paper. By controlling the short-plane width, the two resonant frequencies, f10 and f30, can be significantly reduced and the frequency ratio (f30/f10) is tunable in the range 1.7~2.3. The Haar-Wavelet-Based multiresolution time domain (H-MRTD) with compactly supported scaling function for a full three-dimensional (3-D) wave to Yee's staggered cell is used for modeling and analyzing the antenna for the first time. Associated with practical model, an uniaxial perfectly matched layer (UPML) absorbing boundary conditions was developed, In addition , extending the mathematical formulae to an inhomogenous media. Numerical simulation results are compared with those using the conventional 3-D finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method and measured. It has been demonstrated that, with this technique, space discretization with only a few cells per wavelength gives accurate results, leading to a reduction of both memory requirement and computation time.