Although many methods, such as bacteria plate count, flow cytometry and impedance method have been broadly used in the dairy industry to quantitate bacteria numbers around the world, none of them is a quick, low cost and easy one. In this study, we proposed to apply the color difference theory in this field to establish a mathematic model to quantitate bacteria number in fresh milk. Preliminary testing results not only indicate that the application of the color difference theory to the new system is practical, but also confirm the theoretical relationship between the numbers of bacteria, incubation time and color difference. The proof of the principal study in this article further suggests that the novel method has the potential to replace the traditional methods to determine bacteria numbers for the food industry.
A novel method to measure the total amount of bacteria in raw milk is introduced in this paper. This method involves optics, color theory and biology. In this method the total amount of bacteria in raw milk is measured according to the color change caused by chemical reaction. The study proves that the total amount of bacteria in raw milk can be measured by this method with high speed and accuracy. Besides, this method is easy operating and very economical. These qualities will surely make it a favorite in the measurement of the total amount of bacteria in raw milk in the future.