Terahertz nondestructive testing is an increasingly important technology in recent years. Compared with visible and infrared bands, terahertz wave can easily penetrate common nonpolar and nonmetal materials without ironize the sample because of low energy. Digital holography can reconstruct the quantitative amplitude and phase distributions of the object wavefront. We proposed a continuous-wave terahertz reflective off-axis digital holography to measure the morphology of encapsulated object. An experimental system was built using a 2.52 THz (118.83 μm) far-infrared gas laser 295-FIR and a pyroelectric array detector. The morphology of the metallic bookmark hidden behind the optically opaque materials such as polytetrafluoroethylene and Polypropylene plates were obtained by angular spectrum integral and phase unwrapping algorithm. It proves that THz digital holography is an effective nondestructive testing method.
Terahertz imaging technology has been widely used in various fields. In continuous-wave terahertz imaging system, when the large size object is located at the unfocused position, Bessel beam with non-diffractive properties show its large depth of focus advantage over Gaussian beam. Bessel beam can be generated by the axicon, which has high conversion efficiency. The non-diffraction distance and the main lobe size of the Bessel beam depend on the parameters of the axicon and incident light wavelength. We analyzed that the influence on the axial two-dimensional intensity distribution of a zero-order Bessel beam by changing the axicon parameters and the incident Gaussian beam size. Experimentally, the axicon with different parameters were fabricated using different materials. Then the two-dimensional intensity distribution of the Bessel beam in the axial and transverse direction were recorded and analyzed. The experimental results is basically consistent with the theoretical ones.
Ptychography can reconstruct the complex amplitude distribution of the transmission object from the overlapped diffraction patterns. The extended ptychographical iterative engine (ePIE) algorithm is considered as one of the most popular phase retrieval algorithms of present time which has strong robustness and high image quality. However, no constraint is added in the iteration process, which results in slow convergence and makes the real-time imaging difficult. To overcome this problem, an efficient phase retrieval algorithm is proposed based on the constraint of positive absorption in the object plane where the absorption coefficient and phase distribution of the object are constrained by the positive absorption of the object. The simulation demonstrated that the proposed algorithm has greatly improve the convergence rate and imaging quality of traditional ePIE algorithm and is expected to be applied in real-time imaging.