In order to investigate biological aerosols in the air, a fluorescence lidar has being developed at Laser Radar Center of Remote Sensing of Atmosphere, Xi’an University of Technology. The fluorescence lidar is constructed with a pulsed Nd:YAG laser, employing at based harmonic (1064 nm), second harmonic (532 nm) and fourth harmonic (266 nm) simultaneously, with a repetition rate of 10 Hz. A 250 mm diameter custom telescope is used to collect optical spectra ranging from 260-1100 nm. In the Infrared detection, an avalanche diode (APD) is used, and two photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) for two linear orthogonal polarization detection at a wavelength of 532 nm. Range-resolved fluorescence signals are collected in 32 channels of compound PMT sensor coupled with Czerny–Turner spectrograph. Based on the current configurations, we performed a series of numerical simulations to estimate the maximal detectable ranges and the minimal detectable concentrations of biological aerosols with various conditions. With a relative error of less than 10%, simulated results show that the system is able to monitor biological aerosols within detected distances of 1.3 km and of 2.0 km at daytime and nighttime, respectively. The developing fluorescence lidar is also capable to identify a minimum concentration of bio-aerosols at about 150 particlesL<sup>-1</sup> with daytime operation and 100 particlesL<sup>-1</sup> with nighttime at a distance of about 0.1 km. We truly believe that the fluorescence lidar could be spread in the field of remote sensing of biological aerosols in the near future.
In order to investigate the biological aerosols in the atmosphere, we have designed an ultraviolet laser induced fluorescence lidar based on the lidar measuring principle. The fluorescence lidar employs a Nd:YAG laser of 266 nm as an excited transmitter, and examines the intensity of the received light at 400 nm for biological aerosol concentration measurements. In this work, we firstly describe the designed configuration and the simulation to estimate the measure range and the system resolution of biological aerosol concentration under certain background radiation. With a relative error of less than 10%, numerical simulations show the system is able to monitor biological aerosols within detected distances of 1.8 km and of 7.3 km in the daytime and nighttime, respectively. Simulated results demonstrate the designed fluorescence lidar is capable to identify a minimum concentration of biological aerosols at 5.0×10<sup>-5</sup> ppb in the daytime and 1.0×10<sup>-7</sup> ppb in the nighttime at the range of 0.1 km. We believe the ultraviolet laser induced fluorescence lidar can be spread in the field of remote sensing of biological aerosols in the atmosphere.
In the industrial production, as an important transmission part, the screw thread is applied extensively in many automation equipments. The traditional measurement methods of screw thread parameter, including integrated test methods of multiparameters and the single parameter measurement method, belong to contact measurement method. In practical the contact measurement exists some disadvantages, such as relatively high time cost, introducing easily human error and causing thread damage. In this paper, as a new kind of real-time and non-contact measurement method, a screw thread parameter measurement system based on image processing method is developed to accurately measure the outside diameter, inside diameter, pitch diameter, pitch, thread height and other parameters of screw thread. In the system the industrial camera is employed to acquire the image of screw thread, some image processing methods are used to obtain the image profile of screw thread and a mathematics model is established to compute the parameters. The C++Builder 6.0 is employed as the software development platform to realize the image process and computation of screw thread parameters. For verifying the feasibility of the measurement system, some experiments were carried out and the measurement errors were analyzed. The experiment results show the image measurement system satisfies the measurement requirements and suitable for real-time detection of screw thread parameters mentioned above. Comparing with the traditional methods the system based on image processing method has some advantages, such as, non-contact, easy operation, high measuring accuracy, no work piece damage, fast error analysis and so on. In the industrial production, this measurement system can provide an important reference value for development of similar parameter measurement system.