A spectral confocal sensor was used to measure the centering error for probe of swing arm profilometer (SAP). The feasibility of this technology was proved through simulation and experiment. The final measurement results was also analyzed to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of this technology.
When the swing arm profilometer(SAP) measuring the mirror, the effective arm length of SAP which haves an obvious influence on the measurement results of the mirror surface shape needs to be measured accurately. It requires the measurement uncertainty of the effective arm length to reach 10μm in order to meet the measurement requirements, in this paper, we present a kind of technology based on laser tracker to measure the effective arm length of SAP. When the swing arm rotates around the shaft axis of swing arm rotary stage, the probe and two laser tracker balls form three sections of circular arc around the shaft axis of swing arm rotary stage in space. Laser tracker tracks and measures the circular arcs of two laser tracker balls, the center coordinates of the circular plane of circular arc can be calculated by data processing. The linear equation that passes through the two center coordinates is the equation of the shaft axis of rotary stage, the vertical distance from the probe to the shaft axis of rotary stage which can be calculated refer to the equation from the point to the line is the effective arm length. After Matlab simulation, this measurement method can meet the measurement accuracy.
In this paper, we present an error separation method based on dual probes for the swing arm profilometer to calibrate the rotary table errors. Two probes and the rotation axis of swinging arm are in a plane. The scanning tracks cross each other as both probes scan the mirror edge to edge. Since the surface heights should ideally be the same at these scanning crossings, this crossings height information can be used to calibrate the rotary table errors. But the crossings height information contains the swing arm air bearing errors and measurement errors of probes. The errors seriously affect the correction accuracy of rotary table errors. The swing arm air bearing errors and measurement errors of probes are randomly distributed, we use least square method to remove these errors. In this paper, we present the geometry of the dual probe swing arm profilometer system, and the profiling pattern made by both probes. We analyze the influence the probe separation has on the measurement results. The algorithm for stitching together the scans into a surface is also presented. The difference of the surface heights at the crossings of the adjacent scans is used to find a transformation that describes the rotary table errors and then to correct for the errors. To prove the error separation method based on a dual probe can successfully calibrate the rotary table errors, we establish SAP error model and simulate the effect of the error separation method based on a dual probe on calibrating the rotary table errors.
As currently, laser calibration, laser radar, laser ranging and the relative field raised up the demand for high
magnification laser beam expander. This article intends to introduce a high-energy laser beam expander research and
design, large- diameter, wide-band, high-magnification and small obscuration ratio are the main features. By using
Cassegrain reflective optical system, this laser beam expander achieves 24 times beam expand, and outgoing effective
limiting aperture is Φ600 mm, band scope between 0.45μm to 5μm, single-pulse laser damage threshold greater than
1J/cm<sup>2</sup>, continuous-wave laser damage threshold greater than 200W/cm<sup>2</sup> and obscuration ratio 1:10. Primary mirror
underside support uses 9 points float supporting, lateral support mainly depends on mercury belt support and assists by
mandrel ball head positioning support. An analyzing base on finite element analysis software ANSYS, and primary
mirror deformation status analysis with debug mode and operativemode, when inputs four groups of Angle 170°, 180°,
210° and 240° , mercury belt under each group of angle load-bearing is 65%, 75% , 85% and 100% respectively, totally
16 workingcondition analyze results. At last, the best way to support primary mirror is finalized. Through design of
secondary mirror to achieve a five-dimensional precision fine-tune. By assembling and debugging laser beam expander,
Zygo interferometer detection system proof image quality (RMS) is 0.043λ (λ=632.8nm), stability (RMS) is 0.007λ
(λ=632.8nm), and effective transmission hit 94%, meets the requirements of practical application completely.