Digital pathology via whole-slide imaging (WSI) systems has recently been approved for the primary diagnostic use in the US. Acquiring whole-slide images with spectral information at each pixel permits the use of multiplexed antibody labeling and allow for the measurement of cellularly resolved chemical information. Here, we report the development of a high-throughput terapixel hyperspectral WSI system using prism-based slit-array dispersion. We demonstrate a slit-array detection scheme for absorption-based measurements and a slit-array projection scheme for fluorescence-based measurements. The spectral resolution and spectral range in the reported schemes can be adjusted by changing the orientation of the slit-array mask. We use our system to acquire 74 5-megapixel brightfield images at different wavelengths in ∼1 s, corresponding to a throughput of 0.375 gigapixels / s. A terapixel whole-slide spatial–spectral data cube can be obtained in ∼45 min. The reported system is compatible with existing WSI systems and can be developed as an add-on module for whole-slide spectral imaging. It may find broad applications in high-throughput chemical imaging with multiple antibody labeling. The use of slit array for structured illumination may also provide insights for developing high-throughput hyperspectral confocal imaging systems.
Fourier ptychographic microscopy (FPM) is a recently developed technique stitching low-resolution images in Fourier domain to realize wide-field high-resolution imaging. However, the time-consuming process of image acquisition greatly narrows its applications in dynamic imaging. We report a wavelength multiplexing strategy to speed up the acquisition process of FPM several folds. A proof-of-concept system is built to verify its feasibility. Distinguished from many current multiplexing methods in Fourier domain, we explore the potential of high-speed FPM in spectral domain. Compatible with most existing FPM methods, our strategy provides an approach to high-speed gigapixel microscopy. Several experimental results are also presented to validate the strategy.