Remote sensing technology takes the important role in the geological features identification of structure, strata, alterations and plutons. This paper uses satellite high spatial resolution remote sensing image and information identification technology to analyze tectonic geological features in Yinchuan basin, and better results are achieved. Based on image enhancement and geological interpretation, the structural characteristics including Helan mount large fold belt, Weining-beishan sawtooth structure and en echelon faults of Yinchuan area are analyzed and combined with seismic information, the causes of Yinchuan graben and its surrounding structures are discussed. Results shows all those structural characteristics and phenomena are caused by Yanshan movement and Himalayan movement, and Yinchuan graben is formed in the pulling tension environment caused by Himalayan movement on the basis of Helan-Hengshanbu fault belt which created by Yanshan movement. The tectonic evolution period times are determinated by this results and it is important for oil and gas exploration. Remote sensing information identification technology provides the new perspective and approach for geological research.