Intense Terahertz waves generated from air-induced plasma and serving as broadband THz source provide a promising broadband source for innovative technology. Terahertz generation in selected gases has attracted more and more researchers’ interests in recent years. In this research, the THz emission from different atoms is described, such as nitrogen, argon and helium in Michelson. The THz radiation is detected by a Golay Cell equipped with a 6-mm-diameter diamond-inputting window. It can be seen in the first time that when the pump power lies at a stable level, the THz generation created by the femtosecond laser focusing on the nitrogen is higher than which focusing on the helium, and lower than that produced in the argon gas environment. We believe that the THz intensity is Ar > N > Ne because of its atomic mass, which is Ar > N > Ne as well. It is clear that the Gas molecular decides the release of free electrons ionized from ultra short femtosecond laser through the electronic dynamic analysis. The higher the gas mass is, the stronger the terahertz emission will be. We further explore the THz emission at the different laser power levels, and the experimental results can be commendably quadratic fitted. It can be inferred that THz emission under different gas medium environment still complies with the law of four-wave mixing (FWM) process and has nothing to do with the gas environment: the radiation energy is proportional to the quadratic of incident laser power.
In this paper we demonstrated a coherent raster-scan imaging system that can acquire phase information based on continuous terahertz imaging. It mixes the terahertz with a Fs-laser by a electro-optic crystal of ZnTe to make a hybrid modulation on the crystal to achieve continuous terahertz detection. In this way, it can not only propagate for a long distance but also achieve phase detection for continuous terahertz imaging. The surface images of objects that are under test can be obtained by the Backward-Wave Oscillator, which the output power is 10mW at 205.994GHz. With the repetition frequency of 80MHz, the output power of the MaiTai is 1.65W and 100fs pulse light at 800nm. The images can achieve diffraction-limited resolution approximately. And the simulated results show that the system can obtain phase imaging of test objects based on continuous terahertz source. The way to get the phase of the signal has significant meaning for coherent detection of continuous terahertz source.
In this paper we proposed a method of phase extraction for continuous terahertz wave. Firstly, we study the mathematical relationship of phase between the electro-optic sampling signal and terahertz wave in the theory, and then build the platform of continuous terahertz wave, using BWO as the source of terahertz radiation and Fs-laser as the detection of pulse. After using differential circuit and the principle of electro-optic sampling, we detect the polarization properties of optical signal and transform it into electric signal. With the filter amplifying circuit for signal processing, we obtain the phase of continuous THz wave at 0.2 THz. This method of phase extraction provides a potential way to the continuous THz wave coherent imaging, which is of great significance to the further study on continuous THz wave coherent imaging.