Based on the previous research, this paper introduces the theory of wavelet, collects the situation through the video system, and calculates the key information needed in the fire protection system. That is, through the algorithm to collect the information, according to the flame color characteristics and smoke characteristics were extracted, and as the characteristic information corresponding processing. Alarm system set the corresponding alarm threshold, when more than this alarm threshold, the system will alarm. This combination of flame color characteristics and smoke characteristics of the fire method not only improve the accuracy of judgment, but also improve the efficiency of judgments. Experiments show that the scheme is feasible.