Stabilizers are added to nitrate ester-based rocket motor propellants to form a stable product. The products added to stabilize the propellants react with NOx and are gradually exhausted over a period of time. In this paper, we demonstrate the efficacy of Raman spectroscopy technique for nondestructive, inexpensive, and rapid evaluation and monitoring of the depletion of rocket motor propellant stabilizers. Preliminary results show that concentrations as low as 0.1% of both MNA and 2-NDPA dissolved in DMSO (Dimethyl sulfoxide) can easily be detected at 1 second integration time using a 785 nm wavelength Raman system. In addition, MNA concentrations between 0.37% and 0.54% are detected in propellant samples containing energetic constituents using a 60 second integration time.
The purpose of this research project is to demonstrate the application of Raman spectroscopy technique for characterization and identification of the distinct Raman signatures of construction materials. The results reported include the spectroscopic characterization of building materials using compact Raman system with 785 nm wavelength laser. The construction materials studied include polyblend sanded grout, fire barrier sealant, acrylic latex caulk plus and white silicone. It is found that, both fire barrier sealant and acrylic latex caulk plus has a prominent Raman band at 1082 cm-1, and three minor Raman signatures located at 275, 706 and 1436 cm-1. On the other hand, sand grout has three major Raman bands at 1265, 1368 and 1455 cm-1, and four minor peaks at 1573, 1683, 1762, and 1868 cm-1. White silicone, which is a widely used sealant material in construction industry, has two major Raman bands at 482 and 703 cm-1, and minor Raman characteristic bands at 783 and 1409 cm-1.
Pure extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) is mixed with cheaper edible oils and samples are kept inside clear glass containers, while a 785nm Raman system is used to take measurements as Raman probe is placed against glass container. Several types of oils at various concentrations of adulteration are used. Ratios of peak intensities are used to analyze raw data, which allows for quick, easy, and accurate analysis. While conventional Raman measurements of EVOO may take as long as 2 minutes, all measurements reported here are for integration times of 15s. It is found that adulteration of EVOO with cheaper oils is detectable at concentrations as low as 5% for all oils used in this study.