The solar simulator is a lighting device that can simulate the solar radiation. It has been widely used in the testing of solar cells, satellite space environment simulation and ground experiment, test and calibration precision of solar sensor．The solar simulator mainly consisted of short—arc xenon lamp, ellipsoidal reflectors, a group of optical integrator, field stop, aspheric folding mirror and collimating reflector. In this paper, the solar simulator's optical system basic size are given by calculation. Then the system is optically modeled with the Lighttools software, and the simulation analysis on solar simulator using the Monte Carlo ray -tracing technique is conducted. Finally, the simulation results are given quantitatively by diagrammatic form. The rationality of the design is verified on the basis of theory.
Nowadays, panoramic annular lens (PAL) applies in aerospace, robotics vision, industrial pipeline endoscope and corporate video conferencing. A cylinder-to-plane projection which called the Flat Cylinder Perspective (FCP) is adopted in PAL. The FCP projected the three-dimensional cylindrical field object onto a two-dimensional annular image plane. The optical system has fade zone in the center of detector. Based on the structure of the PAL system, this paper shows that a panoramic lens is designed with free-form surfaces. In the designed optical system, the local annular object field of view is projected onto a rectangular image plane. The free-form panoramic lens has a wide field of view of 140°in horizontal direction and a field of view of 40°in vertical direction. The design of the panoramic lens can maximize the use of area and have no fade zone in rectangular detector.