The Integration Test Bed (ITB) is a large-aperture single-beam Nd:glass laser system, built to demonstrate the key technology and performance of the laser drivers. The phase II designed output of the ITB at 1053nm is 18.2kJ with the peak power of 3.6TW. So it is important to keep a flat spatial intensity profile at the end of the system to avoid optical elements damage or small-scale self-focusing. Applying the Liquid Crystal Programmable Spatial Shaper (LCPSS) to compensate the beam non-uniformity related to amplification and transmission is an effective way at present. In this paper, we attempt to pre-compensate the beam nonuniformity by the LCPSS. Experiments were carried out to study the spatial fluence modulation and contrast improvement at the main laser output of the ITB laser facility. The results show that the peak-to-average fluence modulation in the near-field is typically 1.35:1; the contrast is about 0.08, at the designed energy and power, which meet the modulation less than 1.4:1 and the contrast under 0.1 design requirement.
Adaptive optics is a real-time compensation technique using high speed support system for wavefront errors caused by atmospheric turbulence. However, the randomness and instantaneity of atmospheric changing introduce great difficulties to the design of adaptive optical systems. A large number of complex real-time operations lead to large delay, which is an insurmountable problem. To solve this problem, hardware operation and parallel processing strategy are proposed, and a high-speed adaptive optical control system based on DSP is developed. The hardware counter is used to check the system. The results show that the system can complete a closed loop control in 7.1ms, and improve the controlling bandwidth of the adaptive optical system. Using this system, the wavefront measurement and closed loop experiment are carried out, and obtain the good results.
The shooting accuracy of cluster laser is an important indicator to evaluate the performance of ICF laser devices. By measuring the distribution of the X-ray generated from interaction between the third-harmonic beam and the target, the position information of the third-harmonic beam to the target can be obtained, along with the shooting accuracy. In the beam transmission process, the fundamental, second-harmonic beams and the third-harmonic beams approach to the target at the same time generating spurious X-ray. Based on the radiation fluid, the present paper is to assess the effect of the stray light on the performance of the shooting accuracy. The intensity distribution and power density of the fundamental, second-harmonic and third-harmonic beams at the target position were calculated for the SG-III laser device using SG-99 software. The characteristics of X-ray generated by the different beams radiation are simulated by one-dimensional radiation fluid program MULTI 1D. The results show that the power density of the fundamental, the second-harmonic and third-harmonic beams at the target position are, under the condition of typical shooting precision test (infused fundamental energy of 50J and pulse width is 200ps) 0.28GW / s / cm<sup>2</sup> , 0.14GW / s / cm<sup>2</sup> , 99GW / s / cm<sup>2</sup> , respectively. The X-ray energy intensity radiated from the interaction between the third-harmonic beam and target is 10<sup>4</sup> times of that from the fundamental, second-harmonic beam. In the current optical system configuration conditions of SG-III laser device, the effects of the fundamental and second-harmonic beams on the target accuracy test can be ignored.
The laser pulse should be shaped to satisfy the ICF physical requirement and the profile should be flattened to increase the extraction efficiency of the disk amplifiers and to ensure system safety in ICF laser facility. The spatial-temporal distribution of the laser pulse is affected by the gain saturation, uniformity gain profile of the amplifiers, and the frequency conversion process. The pulse spatial-temporal distribution can’t be described by simply analytic expression, so new iteration algorithms are needed. We propose new inversion method and iteration algorithms in this paper. All of these algorithms have been integrated in SG99 software and the validity has been demonstrated. The result could guide the design of the ICF laser facility in the future.
The high power solid laser system is becoming larger and higher energy that requires the beam automatic alignment faster and higher precision to ensure safety running of laser system and increase the shooting success rate. This paper take SGIII laser facility for instance, introduce the basic principle of automatic alignment of large laser system. The automatic alignment based on digital image processing technology which use the imaging of seven-classes spatial filter pinholes for feedback to working. Practical application indicates that automatic alignment system of cavity mirror in SGIII facility can finish the work in 210 seconds of four bundles and will not exceed 270 seconds of all six bundles. The alignment precision promoted to 2.5% aperture from 8% aperture. The automatic alignment makes it possible for fast and safety running of lager laser system.
The Integration Test Bed (ITB) is a large-aperture single-beam Nd:glass laser system, built to demonstrate the
key technology and performance of the laser drivers. It uses two multipass slab amplifiers. There are four
passes through the main amplifier and three passes through the booster amplifier. The output beam size is
360mm by 360mm, at the level of 1% of the top fluence. The designed output energy of ITB at 1053nm is
15kJ in a 5ns flat-in-time (FIT) pulse, the third harmonic conversion efficiency is higher than 70%. The first
phase of the ITB has been completed in July 2013. A series of experiments demonstrated that laser
performance meets or exceeds original design requirements. It has achieved maximum energies at 1053nm of
19.6kJ at 5ns and 21.5kJ at 10ns. Based on a pair of split third harmonic generation KDP crystals, the third
harmonic conversion efficiency of about 70% and 3ω mean fluences as high as 8.4 J/cm<sup>2</sup> have been obtained
with 5ns FIT pulse.
optical propagation simulation by SG99 code and invert algorithm has been made for two typical laser architecture,
namely the National Ignition Facility (model A) and SG-III laser facility (model B) based on measured 400mm aperture
Nd:glass slab gain distribution data on ITB system. When the gain nonuniformity is about 5%, 7%, and 9% respectively
within 395x395mm<sup>2</sup> aperture and output beam aperture is 360x360mm<sup>2</sup>, and output energy is about 16kJ/5ns(square)
with B-integral limited, 1ω(1053nm) nearfield modulation is about 1.10, 1.15, and 1.30 respectively for model A (11+7
slab configuration), and 1.07, 1.08, and 1.17 respectively for model B (9+9 slab configuration) without spatial gain
compensation. With the above three gain nonuniformity and slab configuration unchanged, to achieve flat-in-top output
near field, the compensation depth of the input near field is about 1.5:1, 2.0:1, and 6.0:1 respectively for model A, and
1.3:1, 1.4:1, and 3.5:1 respectively for model B. Compared with model A (the beam aperture unchanged in multi-pass
amplification), the influence of slab gain nonuniformity on model B (beam aperture changed) is smaller. All the above
simulation results deserve further experiment study in the future.
A novel method based on diffraction theory to control the far-field irradiance profile by deformable mirror is presented.
Special near-field phase which determines the contour of the focal spot is obtained by a high spatial frequency
deformable mirror. Numerical simulations show that, we can control the far-field intensity envelope as CPP by
adopting adaptive optics technique when the spatial resolution of deformable mirror is high enough, here 16×16
actuators in 320mm×320mm aperture. The coupling coefficient is an important factor influencing control effect, and
its best value range is round 0.6.