Digital Image Correlation (DIC) is a full-field technique based on white-light illumination for displacement and strain measurement. But radiation on the specimen surface at high temperature affects the quality of acquired speckle pattern images for traditional DIC measurement. In order to minimize the radiation effect in high temperature measurement, this paper proposes a two-dimensional ultraviolet digital image correlation system (2D UV-DIC) containing UV LED and UV band-pass filter. It is confirmed by experiments that images acquired by this system saturate at higher temperature in comparison with DIC using filtered blue light imaging system. And the UV-DIC remains minimally affected by radiation at the temperature which is nearing the specimen’s maximum working temperature (about 1250°C). In addition, considering the heat disturbance that can’t be ignored in actual high temperature measurement, this paper also proposes a method using an air controller in combination with image average algorithm, and the method was then used to obtain the thermal expansion coefficient of the Austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steel specimen at different temperatures. By comparing the coefficients with the results calculated by other method, it shows that this comprehensive method has the advantages of strong anti-interference ability and high precision.