Visual measurement plays an increasingly important role in the field o f aerospace, ship and machinery manufacturing. Camera calibration of large field-of-view is a critical part of visual measurement . For the issue a large scale target is difficult to be produced, and the precision can not to be guaranteed. While a small target has the advantage of produced of high precision, but only local optimal solutions can be obtained . Therefore, studying the most suitable ratio of the target size to the camera field of view to ensure the calibration precision requirement of the wide field-of-view is required. In this paper, the cameras are calibrated by a series of different dimensions of checkerboard calibration target s and round calibration targets, respectively. The ratios of the target size to the camera field-of-view are 9%, 18%, 27%, 36%, 45%, 54%, 63%, 72%, 81% and 90%. The target is placed in different positions in the camera field to obtain the camera parameters of different positions . Then, the distribution curves of the reprojection mean error of the feature points’ restructure in different ratios are analyzed. The experimental data demonstrate that with the ratio of the target size to the camera field-of-view increas ing, the precision of calibration is accordingly improved, and the reprojection mean error changes slightly when the ratio is above 45%.
As the visual organ of many arthropods, the compound eye has attracted a lot of attention with the advantage of wide field-of-view, multi-channel imaging ability and high agility. Extended from this concept, a new kind of artificial compound eye device is developed. There are 141 lenslets which share one image sensor distributed evenly on a curved surface, thus it is difficult to distinguish the lenslets which the light spot belongs to during calibration and positioning process. Therefore, the matching algorithm is proposed based on the device structure and the principle of calibration and positioning. Region partition of lenslet array is performed at first. Each lenslet and its adjacent lenslets are defined as cluster eyes and constructed into an index table. In the calibration process, a polar coordinate system is established, and the matching can be accomplished by comparing the rotary table position in the polar coordinate system and the central light spot angle in the image. In the positioning process, the spot is paired to the correct region according to the spots distribution firstly, and the final results is determined by the dispersion of the distance from the target point to the incident ray in the region traversal matching. Finally, the experiment results show that the presented algorithms provide a feasible and efficient way to match the spot to the lenslet, and perfectly meet the needs in the practical application of the compound eye system.
Compound eye has the merits of large FOV (Field of View), high acuity to motion and compact structure. In order to
achieve large FOV, most natural compound eyes have curved structures. However, a 3D microlens array alone cannot
work properly with a planar image sensor, as a result, very complex relay optical design is required for beam-steering
and image formation. On the other hand, artificial compound eyes with planar structure are easy to design and fabricated,
but the field of view is very small. To address this issue, an innovated design is presented in this paper. The system
comprises of a planar structured microlens array and two curved folded mirrors. A very high fill factor can be achieved
by using planar microlens array. The design was verified with Zemax simulation and preliminary experiment. The results
show that the system can achieve large FOV imaging without significant lens distortion and ghost image, demonstrating
the feasibility and flexibility of the proposed method.