A preliminary study of a non-reference aliasing artefact index (AAI) metric is presented in this paper. We focus on the effects of combining a full-reference metric and interpolation algorithm. The nearest neighbor algorithm (NN) is used as the gold standard against which test-algorithms are judged in terms of aliased structures. The structural similarity index (SSIM) metric is used to evaluate a test image (i.e. a test-algorithm’s image) and a reference image (i.e. the NN’s image). Preliminary experiments demonstrated promising effects of the AAI metric against state-of-the-art non-reference metrics mentioned. A new study may further develop the studied metric for potential applications in image quality adaptation and/or monitoring in medical imaging.
Rescaling bilinear (RB) interpolant’s pixels is a novel image interpolation scheme. In the current study, we investigate the effects on the quality of interpolated images. RB determines the lower and upper bounds using the standard deviation of the four nearest pixels to find the new interval or range that will be used to rescale the bilinear interpolant’s pixels. The products of the rescaled-pixels and corresponding distance-based-weights are added to estimate the new pixel value, to be assigned at the empty locations of the destination image. Effects of RB on image interpolation quality were investigated using standard full-reference and non-reference objective image quality metrics, particularly those focusing on interpolated images features and distortion similarities. Furthermore, variance and mean based metrics were also employed to further investigate the effects in terms of contrast and intensity increment or decrement. The Matlab based simulations demonstrated generally superior performances of RB compared to the traditional bilinear (TB) interpolation algorithm. The studied scheme’s major drawback was a higher processing time and tendency to rely on the image type and/or specific interpolation scaling ratio to achieve superior performances. Potential applications of rescaling based bilinear interpolation may also include ultrasound scan conversion in cardiac ultrasound, endoscopic ultrasound, etc.
Unlike traditional linear interpolation algorithms, which compute all kernel pixels locations, a novel image interpolation algorithm that uses the preliminary pixels kernel and extrapolated pixels adjustment has been proposed for interpolation operations. The proposed interpolation algorithm is mainly based on the weighting functions of the preliminary interpolation kernel and linearly extrapolated pixels adjustments. Experimentally, the proposed method demonstrated generally higher performance than state-of-art algorithms mentioned with objective evaluations as well as comparable performances with subjective evaluations. Potential applications may include the ultrasound scan conversion for displaying the sectored image.
This paper proposes a novel enhancement method based exclusively on the bilinear interpolation algorithm for capsule endoscopy images. The proposed method does not convert the original RBG image components to HSV or any other color space or model; instead, it processes directly RGB components. In each component, a group of four adjacent pixels and half-unit weight in the bilinear weighting function are used to calculate the average pixel value, identical for each pixel in that particular group. After calculations, groups of identical pixels are overlapped successively in horizontal and vertical directions to achieve a <i>preliminary-enhanced </i>image. The<i> final-enhanced </i>image is achieved by halving the sum of the original and <i>preliminary-enhanced </i>image pixels. Quantitative and qualitative experiments were conducted focusing on pairwise comparisons between original and enhanced images. <i>Final-enhanced </i>images have generally the best diagnostic quality and gave more details about the visibility of vessels and structures in capsule endoscopy images.
This paper presents a preliminary study of the effect of empty bins on image upscaling in capsule endoscopy. The presented study was conducted based on results of existing contrast enhancement and interpolation methods. A low contrast enhancement method based on pixels consecutiveness and modified bilinear weighting scheme has been developed to distinguish between necessary empty bins and unnecessary empty bins in the effort to minimize the number of empty bins in the input image, before further processing. Linear interpolation methods have been used for upscaling input images with stretched histograms. Upscaling error differences and similarity indices between pairs of interpolation methods have been quantified using the mean squared error and feature similarity index techniques. Simulation results demonstrated more promising effects using the developed method than other contrast enhancement methods mentioned.