Terahertz (THz) wave has attracted considerable attention in recent years because of its potential applications. The intense THz waves generated from air plasma induced by two-color femtosecond laser are widely used due to its high generation efficiency and broad frequency bandwidth. The parameters of the laser change the distribution of the air plasma, and then affect the generation of THz wave. In this research, we investigate the THz wave generation from air plasma induced by quasi-square Airy beam. Unlike the common Gauss beam, the quasi-square Airy beam has ability to autofocus and to increase the maximum intensity at the focus. By using the spatial light modulator (SLM), we can change the parameters of phase map to control the shape of the Airy beam. We obtain the two-color laser field by a 100-um-thick BBO crystal, then use a Golay detector to record THz wave energy. By comparing terahertz generation at different modulation depths, we find that terahertz energy produced by quasi-square Airy beam is up to 3.1 times stronger than that of Gauss beam with identical laser energy. In order to understand the influence of quasi-square Airy beam on the BBO crystal, we record THz wave energy by changing the azimuthal angle of BBO crystal with Gauss beam and Airy beam at different modulation depths. We find that the trend of terahertz energy with respect to the azimuthal angle of the BBO crystal keeps the same for different laser beams. We believe that the quasi-square Airy beam or other auto focusing beam can significantly improve the efficiency of terahertz wave generation and pave the way for its applications.
Terahertz (THz) wave generation from laser induced air plasma is widely used due to its high electric field and broad frequency bandwidth. The most popular and efficient laser-plasma scheme used for THz generation is the two-color scheme, in which a laser pulse at the fundamental frequency is supplemented by its second harmonic that is obtained with the use of a nonlinear crystal. The type-I β-barium borate (BBO) crystal plays a very important role in second harmonic generation. In this research, we investigate the THz generation efficiency with changing the thicknesses of the BBO crystals. Moreover, the wavelength of the excitation laser is tunable from 1200 nm to 1600 nm. The THz generation efficiency is characterized by rotating the BBO crystal with the same tilt angle, changing laser wavelength with invariant pump power. And we also record the two orthogonal components of THz electric field by rotating the ZnTe crystal. We think that the thickness of BBO crystal affects the phase difference between the two components along the ordinary axis and extraordinary axis, resulting in the change of the polarization state of the fundamental wave. Meanwhile, the frequency doubling efficiency of BBO has an impact on the power ratio of the two-color laser. This provides a practical way to control the polarization of THz pulses for potential applications.
Terahertz(THz) wave modulator technology, due to its important value of imaging and detecting research. In the paper, we discuss the Polyethylene lens based the terahertz wave front modulation, which is benefit the terahertz wave image technology. Simulation results show that the optical system can extent the depth of imaging field of test objects based on continuous terahertz source. The way to get the image has significant meaning for detection and large image quality.