Polarization dependencies and dispersions are the two major bottlenecks in waveguide based silicon photonic devices for
various applications – especially in DWDM systems. In this paper, we present the design and experimental
demonstration of a 2×2 integrated optical MZI that shows both polarization-independent and dispersion-free response
over a wide wavelength range (C+L optical band) in SOI platform - for the first time to our knowledge. The entire device
footprint (W×L) is ~ 0.8 mm × 5.2 mm; which is comprised of optimally designed single-mode waveguides (for
input/output and interferometer arms) and a pair of MMI based 3-dB power splitters. To monitor the wavelength
dependent performance, unbalanced arm lengths (L ~ 3037 μm, L+ΔL ~ 3450 μm) were introduced to construct the
MZI. The differential arm length (ΔL ~ 412 μm) has been specifically chosen to provide alternate ITU channel
transmission peaks at both the output ports alternatively. Accordingly, the fabricated device separates 100 GHz DWDM
channel wavelengths alternatively into two output ports and is nearly insensitive to the polarization of the guided light.
We have observed a uniform channel extinction of ~ 10 dB (~ 6 dB) at both ports with a 3-dB bandwidth of ~ 110 GHz
(~120 GHz) for TM (TE) polarization over the wavelength range of 1520 nm to 1600 nm. The lower extinction for TE
polarization is due to its relatively higher bending loss in the longer arm of the MZI. This can be adjusted by introducing
identical bends in both the arms.