With the development of laser transmission technology, the laser ranging and communication technology integration, miniaturization has become an important research direction nowadays. Based on laser ranging and communication integration of the requirements, design the1064nm fiber laser system, to suffice laser communication, laser ranging and beacon beam of the requirements at the same time could be provide the coherent detection to signal beam. The simulation experiment the 1064nm of free space optical communication in the laboratory, the coherent detection sensitivity is higher than -22dBm, the bit error rate 10−7 laser communication system. Multiple laser ranging to build coherent beam experimental realization of the coupling efficiency is higher than 70%, the laser output power of greater than 21W. The light source system is designed in this paper can realize the previous several lasers to complete the task, not only has the advantage of integration and miniaturization, through the simulation experiment could satisfy the communication requirements of power laser ranging ,and it is ideal light for laser transmission integration technology.