Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) image is independent on atmospheric conditions, and it is the ideal image source for change detection. Existing methods directly analysis all the regions in the speckle noise contaminated difference image. The performance of these methods is easily affected by small noisy regions. In this paper, we proposed a novel change detection framework for saliency-guided change detection based on pattern and intensity distinctiveness analysis. The saliency analysis step can remove small noisy regions, and therefore makes the proposed method more robust to the speckle noise. In the proposed method, the log-ratio operator is first utilized to obtain a difference image (DI). Then, the saliency detection method based on pattern and intensity distinctiveness analysis is utilized to obtain the changed region candidates. Finally, principal component analysis and k-means clustering are employed to analysis pixels in the changed region candidates. Thus, the final change map can be obtained by classifying these pixels into changed or unchanged class. The experiment results on two real SAR images datasets have demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed method.
With the development of earth observation programs, many multitemporal synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images over the same geographical area are available. It is demanding to develop automatic change detection techniques to take advantage of these images. Most existing techniques directly analyze the difference image (DI), and therefore, they are easily affected by the speckle noise. We proposed an SAR image change detection method based on frequency-domain analysis and random multigraphs. The proposed method follows a coarse-to-fine procedure: in the coarse changed regions localization stage, frequency-domain analysis is utilized to select distinctive and salient regions from the DI. Therefore, nonsalient regions are neglected, and noisy unchanged regions incurred by the speckle noise are suppressed. In the fine changed regions classification stage, random multigraphs are employed as the classification model. By selecting a subset of neighborhood features to create graphs, the proposed method can efficiently exploit the nonlinear relations between multitemporal SAR images. The experimental results on two real SAR datasets and one simulated dataset have demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed method.