Remote sensing technology plays an important role in geological survey and plays an irreplaceable role. With the development of remote sensing technology, the appearance of hyperspectral remote sensing makes the application of remote sensing in geological and mineral fields have undergone a qualitative change. After nearly ten years of exploration and practice, the engineering application of hyperspectral remote sensing in geology and mineral resources has been preliminarily realized. With the launch of domestic hyperspectral satellites, it will further promote its application in geology and mineral resources. In this paper, the progress of engineering application of hyperspectral remote sensing in geology and mineral resources is summarized from the aspects of hyperspectral data processing, information extraction, information analysis, prospecting and prediction.