Atmosphere laser communication takes advantage of laser as the carrier transmitting the voice, data, and image information in the atmosphere. Because of its high reliability, strong anti-interference ability, the advantages of easy installation, it has great potential and development space in the communications field. In the process of establish communication, the capture, targeting and tracking of the communication signal is the key technology. This paper introduce a method of targeting the signal spot in the process of atmosphere laser communication, which through the way of making analog signal addition and subtraction directly and normalized to obtain the target azimuth information to drive the servo system to achieve precise alignment of tracking.
In recent years , laser guided weapons behave very well at destroying the military goals in the local wars, the single-shot probability, effective range and hitting precision getting better. And the semi-active laser guided weapons are the most widely used laser guided weapons. In order to improve the viability and protect important military goals, it’s necessary to study the technology to against the semi-active guided weapons. This paper studies the working principle, the advantages and disadvantages of the semi-active guided weapons at first, and analyze the possibility of laser angle deception jamming system working. Then it analyzes the working principle and process of laser angle deception jamming technology. Finally it designs a half-real simulation system of laser angle deception jamming, which consists of semi-active laser guided weapons simulation system and laser angle deception jamming system. The simulation system demonstrates the working process of the laser angle deception jamming system. This paper provides fundamental base for the research on the countermeasure technology of semi-active laser guided weapons.
Detecting angle between target and optical axis in Q-APD is an effective way of fast ATP. It is the key point in this method to acquire the ratio of some parameters. In this paper, a novel method of achieving division of analog electric signal using integral chopper is proposed. This can avoid the problem of high speed acquisition faced in the digital processing solution, that is, MHz level sampling frequency should be used in microsecond level signal. After the target is detected by using Q-APD, the four-channel signals generated by target are amplified by the emitter follower. Then using sample hold and sum difference calculation, background signal and offset signals in azimuth and elevation are generated. Because of using the integral chopper, integration time of offset signal to capacitance is controlled by the background signal, and the output value is just the ratio of the background signal and the offset signal. This value which has is independent of intensity of incident light, represents the angle between the target and optical axis. The optical axis can be driven by servo system based on the angle, therefore realizing the fast ATP.