With the continuous exploration of the universe and astronomy’s development, the telescopes are bigger and bigger. Horizon structure is widely used in the modern large telescopes rack, which carries dozens, even thousands of tons of the rotary parts and demands high accuracy and good stability. Therefore, it is one of the key technologies for large telescope to develop the precision support technology integrated direct drive with large load, high stiffness, low friction, even frictionless. Magnetic suspension bearing has not only the advantage of non-contact, no friction, high rigidity, high precision, low power, low mechanical assembly requirements, but also is integrated with the driven torque motor, which simplifies the structure, reduces the cost. This paper explores one kind of active bias magnetic suspension bearing integrated with direct drive technology based on multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO), which provides a new choice and view for the modern large astronomical telescope tracking system.
The 6-DOF parallel platform in this paper is a kind of Stewart platform. It can be used as supporting structure for telescope secondary mirror. In order to adapt the special dynamic environment of the telescope secondary mirror and to be installed in extremely narrow space, a unique parallel platform is designed. PSS Stewart platform and SPS Stewart platform are analyzed and compared. Then the PSS Stewart platform is chosen for detailed design. The virtual prototyping model of the parallel platform is built. The model is used for the analysis and calculation of multi-body dynamics. With the help of ANSYS, the finite element model of the platform is built and then the analysis is performed. According to the above analysis the experimental prototype of the platform is built.