This paper presents a multimode fiber sensor that uses surface plasmon resonance on a metallic wire to measure refractive index. Numerical simulations based on the finite element method reveal the sensor supports several plasmon modes in the wire capable of coupling with the multiples optical fiber modes. Therefore, the sensor configuration creates multiple resonances at different wavelengths, with different values of the loss, sensitivity, among other parameters. Choosing the appropriate mode and filtering out the rest of the modes allows to optimize the sensor performance. In the present work a sensitivity of 5340nm/RIU and resolution of 1.87×10-6RIU were found.
This paper presents a numerically investigation of the performance analysis of a conventional photonic crystal fiber (PCF) with a planar metamaterials structure for refractive index sensing, based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR), using the finite element method (FEM). We study the concentration metamaterials conformed by the aluminium oxide (Al2O3) and silver (Ag) and compared its performance with a single metal (Ag), assessing their impacts in the effective refractive index. Furthermore, we also use different types of mechanics to describe the effects of varying the structural parameters sensor on the evanescent field and the sensor performance.
This paper presents the performance analysis of a new geometry sensing configuration for refractive index, based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) in photonic crystal fiber (PCF) D-type optical fiber with a thin gold layer, using the finite element method (FEM). The configuration is analyzed in terms of the loss. The results are compared with a conventional SPR D-type and with a PCF D-type optical fiber sensor for refractive index measurement. The simulation results show an improvement of the sensitivity and resolution (3.70×103nm/RIU and 2.72×10-5RIU, respectively, when considering an accurately spectral variation detection of 0.1nm).
This paper presents the performance analysis of two new sensing configurations of refractive index based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) in microstructured D-type optical fiber with a thin gold layer using simulations obtained with COMSOL Multiphysics. The configurations are analyzed in terms of the intensity of the electric field. The results are compared with a conventional SPR D-type optical fiber sensor for refractive index measurement.