ZnO-based materials show promise in energy harvesting applications, such as piezoelectric, photovoltaic and thermoelectric. In this work, ZnO-based vertical Schottky barrier solar cells were fabricated by MOCVD de- position of ZnO thin films on ITO back ohmic contact, while Ag served as the top Schottky contact. Various rapid thermal annealing conditions were studied to modify the carrier density and crystal quality. Greater than 200 nm thick ZnO films formed polycrystalline crystal structure, and were used to demonstrate Schottky solar cells. I-V characterizations of the devices showed photovoltaic performance, but but need further development. This is the first demonstration of vertical Schottky barrier solar cell based on wide bandgap ZnO film. Thin film and bulk ZnO grown by MOCVD or melt growth were also investigated in regards to their room- temperature thermoelectric properties. The Seebeck coefficient of bulk ZnO was found to be much larger than that of thin film ZnO at room temperature due to the higher crystal quality in bulk materials. The Seebeck coefficients decrease while the carrier concentration increases due to the crystal defects caused by the charge carriers. The co-doped bulk Zn0:96Ga0:02Al0:02O showed enhanced power factors, lower thermal conductivities and promising ZT values in the whole temperature range (300-1300 K).
The wide-bandgap semiconductor ZnO has gained major interest in research community for its unique properties and wide range of applications. In this review article, we present synthesis techniques and a few emerging applications for ZnO. Common techniques for growing ZnO films are discussed briefly, and a detailed discussion of MOCVD growth of ZnO is provided citing previous experimental reports on this technique by our group and others. A few important and distinctive uses of ZnO are discussed for various applications focusing on the current limitations of ZnO to realize its feasibility in these applications.
Conference Committee Involvement (1)
Sixteenth International Conference on Solid State Lighting and LED-based Illumination Systems
9 August 2017 | San Diego, California, United States